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I N T F R N A T I O N A I 



ASSOCIATION FOR 
PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY, 
INTERNATIONAL 



BUILDING 
TECHNOLOGY 
HERITAGE 
LIBRARY 



www.apti.org 



From the collection of: 



CCA 



CANADIAN CENTRE FOR 

ARCHITECTURE / 

CENTRF CANADIEN ^ARCHITECTURE 



www.cca.qc.ca 






\ 




The 



purpose 



THIS BOOK 



WILL HAVE BEEN ACHIEVED IF, 



THROUGH ITS CIRCULATION, WE 



MAKE NEW FRIENDS AND GIVE A 



CONVENIENT REFERENCE TO OUR 



OLD FRIENDS FOR WHOM "METAL 



WINDOWS" AND "RELIANCE 



WINDOWS" ARE SYNONYMOUS 



TERMS. 




i 



HEAD OFFICE 
AND BRANCHES 



WILLIAMS 



WILLIAMS LTD. 



HEAD OFFICE & FACTORIES: CHESTER, ENGLAND 



Telegrams — "Reliance, Chester, 



'i 



Telephones — Chester 765-767. 



LONDON 



HOME OFFICES 

Sardinia House, 

Kingsway, W.C.2 



MANCHESTER 86 Cross Street 



Telephones 

Holborn 0060 
and 7194 



Central 6059 

(Manchester) 

NEWCASTLE Cross House, Westgate Rd. Central 813 

(Newcastle) 

NOTTINGHAM Prudential Bldngs. Nottingham 42981 



GLASGOW 



180 Hope Street 



Douglas 3 

(Glasgow) 



RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVES: 



BRISTOL 

DUBLIN 

LEEDS 

PLYMOUTH 

HULL 



SOUTHAMPTON 

LEIGH-ON-SEA 

LIVERPOOL 

GLOUCESTER 

MAIDSTONE 



CARDIFF 
BELFAST 
SWANSEA 
BEDFORD 



COLONIAL & FOREIGN OFFICES 



AUSTRALIA 

BELGIUM 

CEYLON 



NEW ZEALAND 
SOUTH AFRICA 
DENMARK 



CHINA 
EGYPT 
INDIA 



KENYA COLONY CANADA MALAY PENINSULA 



UNITED STATES 



AMERICA 



4 




STANDARD 



FAGE 



» * 



■ • 



Standard Cottage Casements 

Types and Sizes 

Coupled Types 

Standard Cottage Casements 

Coupled Types 

Standard Cottage Casements 

Full Size Details 

Standard Cottage Casements 

Fixing Details 

Standard Cottage Casements 

Glazing Sizes 

Lead Glazing 

Standard Bay Windows 

Circular Bays 

Splay Bays 

Square Bays 

Square Splayed Bays 

Bay Windows Fixing Details 

Wood Surrounds 

Overall Sizes to Bays 

Overall Sizes 

Half Full Size Details 

Corner Posts to Bays 

Specification 

Specification of Wood Surrounds 

Fittings 



• * 



22, 



32. 33 



39, 



STANDARD FRENCH 
DOORS 






Standard French Doors 
Types and Sizes - 
Coupled Types 
Full Size Details 
Glazing Sizes 
Wood Surrounds 
Half Full Size Details 
Overall Sizes 
Specification 



• • 



• i 



STANDARD RELIANCE 
CASEMENTS 

Standard Reliance 
Types and Sizes 
Coupled Types 
Standard Reliance 
Coupled Types 
Standard Reliance 
Full Size Details 
Fixing Details 
Standard Reliance Fittings 
Glazing Sizes 

Standard Reliance Bay Windows 

Circular Bays 

Splayed Bays 

Square Bays 



* * 



• - 



* ■' 



* • 



• * 



* t 



• • 






Square Splayed Bays 
Oriel Bays 

Bay Window Fixing Details 
Specification . . 



STANDARD SASH 

Standard Sash 
Types and Sizes 
Coupled Types 
Full Size Details 
Glazing Sizes 
Fixing Details 
Specification , ♦ 



• 


i 


73 


9 


■ 


74 


» 


■' 


75 


• 


■ 


76 




79, 


80 


81, 


82, 


83 


• 


■ 


84 




85, 


86 


• 


• 


87 




88, 


89 



♦ • 



90 



STANDARD SCHOOL, 
OFFICE AND 
HOSPITAL WINDOWS 

Standard School and Office Windows 

Types and Sizes 

Full Size Details 

Coupled Types 

Types and Sizes 

Full Size Details 

Types and Sizes 

Coupled Types 

Full Size Details 

General Fixing Details 

Standard Hospital Windows 

Balance Type Window >> 104, 

Types and Sizes 

Full Size Details 

Specification . . 



STANDARD TROPICAL 
CASEMENTS 

Standard Tropical Casements 
Glaze Inside, Open Inwards Types 

and Sizes 
Full Size Details 
Glaze Out, Open Inwards Types 

and Sizes 
Full Size Details . , . . 115, 

Alternative Glaze Out, Open Inward 

Types 
Standard Tropical Doors 
Tropical Doors Types and Sizes . . 
Full Size Details . . . . 120, 

Fly Screens and Shutters 
Clerestory Windows 
All Steel Windows, with Guard Bars 
Typical Fixing Details 
Specification 

Estimating and Ordering Details . . 
General Fixing Details 
General Glazing Details 
Reliance Windows 



111 



5 



— — 








After a full study of Architectural and 
Building requirements, we have succeeded 

economical 
Standard Windows suitable for most kinds 



producing ranges 



of buildings. 



spite 



wide 



range 



our 
not 



Standards, we realise that 

always desirable to use a Standard article. 

For these non-standard, specially made 

windows, we would refer you 

"Reliance Purpose made Windows" 
catalogue. 



The Standard windows are 



out 



headings: 



explained under 



following 



STANDARD COTTAGE CASEMENTS 
STANDARD FRENCH DOORS 
STANDARD RELIANCE CASEMENTS 
STANDARD SASHES 

STANDARD SCHOOL, OFFICE 
AND HOSPITAL WINDOWS 

STANDARD TROPICAL WINDOWS 



6 














STANDARD 

COTTAG E 

CASEMENTS 










J 












jLHE following section 
our catalogue deals with 



STANDARD COTTAGE 



CASEMENTS 

(ioo series). 



series we present 
carefully made substantial 
window suitable for a wide 
range of building require- 
ments. These windows are 
adaptable to bricks, concrete, 
stone, steel 



wood 



con 



struction. 






STANDARD 
COTTAG E 
CASEMENTS 



9 




■<?/. 



3 ' 3/6 



*H h 



3'-3%" 



2Gt> 



02. 



+ '-iO'A 



tt 



G3. 



u *»& .[ 



G4. 



T 



2<?/ 



r-J L— . » ■ 



2£/, 



»3 



2C/ 



C2. 






C4 



i 

— ] \ 



— ( 

































p 

































1 






t 


J 







20/ 



D3 



04 



co 



4/W 



2/14/. 



dA2. 



4 A 3. 



AA4 



BBl 2BBI 



FOR 



VENTS ADD 



LETTER "F" TO 
SYMBOL LETTERS. 

FOR EASY CLEANING 
HINGES ADD LETTER 

X. e.g.:— 
D2XF 

FOR \VI NDOWS WITHOUT \ 
INTERNAL GLAZING 
BARS PREFIX THE 
LETTER N," E.G.: 

ND4X 



BB2 



AA2F. 



BBS 



AA3F 



BB4, 



I 



AA4F. 



H4 



.^Ki-Cis; 



T^P" 



as*/ 7 



fiS3F 



BB4F 



IO 





II 



w 





12 





13 



STANDARD 

COTTAGE 

CASEMENTS 




u 





15 



STANDARD 
COTTAG E 
CASEMENTS 







16 




I 



?* / 



H* 



*»A 



v,»V..i 



t • 



«*• 






» ^_ • 






• « 



*<■ 



'■"«"• ^ 



» . 



r • 



.^ 












.*: i 



Tubular Mullion Showing 
Coupling of all Types of Bays. 



UNIT 
SIZE 



UNIT 
SIZE 



I 1 



IOO 



IOO 



■ « 






•• % 



% t 



' » 



- 4 



> * 



I ■ 



« ' 



*. >. 



• « f -. «* 



• "_« 



I f 



■'If If 






»%*.* 



f * 



. -" 



I*. 






*•"■.« 



VA.I v 



rjsWT^ 



125 



r « 



1". * -^ 



* * « 



Coupling Mullion. 



NOTE. 

To obtain the overall size of Wide Frame Section Windows add \" 
to height and width, except for composite type windows when heights 
remain standard, i.e., Type CE 5" i-&' and Type DE 6" ojf', and the 
width is increased by f". 

When ordering Wide Flanged Windows prefix the letter "W" to 
the type required, e.g., WD2 or WND2. 

This wider section gives a much bolder appearance and better 
weathering where steel casements are being built direct into rough 
cast finished brick openings. 



17 




STANDARD 
COTTAG E 
CASEMENTS 




:8 





19 



STAN DARD 

COTTAGE 

CASEMENTS 




20 



■MM 




TYPE 



D8 



D9 



AA1 



2/AA1 



AA2 



AA3 



AA4 



AA5 



AA6 



AA7 



AA8 



AA9 



BB1 



2/BBi 



Panes 



BB2 



BB3 



BB4 



BB5 



Height 



O II* 



O II* 
O II* 



\ 



I 

o 


II* 


I 
o 


II 

II* 


I 

o 


II 

II* 


I 




II 

II* 



2 


io£ 


2 


IO 


o 


II* 


o 


II* 


2 


IO 


2 


ioi 


O 


II* 


o 


II* 



Width 



o 





o 


8| 

M 






91 
9| 


I 
o 


6| 

9* 


I 




6| 
9* 



I 5l 

o 8* 



I 6| 
° 9* 



TYPE 



BB6 



BB7 



BB8 



BB9 



E5F 



E7F 



C2F 



C3F 



C4F 



C5F 



C7F 



C8F 



C9F 



NP2F 



NP3F 



NP4F 



NP5F 



NP7F 



NP8F 



Panes 



Height 



2 IO 
O II* 



2 IOJ 
II* 



2 


IOJ 


O 


II* 


O 


II* 


o 


io| 


o 


II* 


o 


IO| 



l(i 



o 


IO| 


o 


II* 


o 


II* 


o 


lOf 


o 


II* 


o 


II* 


o 


iof 


o 


II* 


o 


1 1 * 


o - 


lOf 


o 


II* 


o 


II* 


o 


io| 



3 


3* 


2 


o* 


I 


2tt 


2 


o| 


I 


2ft 


2 


o| 


I 


2(i 



Width 



o 8} 
o 8} 



o 9| 
o 9t 



I 


6| 


o 


9 k 


o 


9* 





8* 


o 


91 





8| 



o 


9* 


o 


9* 


o 


8* 


o 


9i 


o 


9f 





8| 


o 


9* 


o 


9* 


o 


8* 





9* 


o 


9* 





8* 



TYPE 



D2F 



D3F 



D4F 



D5F 



D7F 



D8F 



AA2F 



AA3F 



AA4F 



AA5F 



AA7F 



AA8F 



BB3F 



BB4F 



BB5F 



BB7F 



BB8F 



LI 



Panes 



4 



Height 



II* 



I I 



i 



I II 

o iof 



2 IOJ 

O I of 



2 ioi 
O H* 
O lOf 



o ioft 



Width 



O 


9* 


o 


9* 


o 


8* 


O 


9| 





9l 


o 


81 







I 


6f 


o 


8* 


O 


9| 


O 


8| 


I 


6| 


o 


9 A 


o 


8ft 


I 


6| 


I 


5* 


o 


8* 


o 


8* 



o 
o 


8* 
8* 


I 




6J 
8* 


o 
o 


9| 
81 


I 

o 
o 


H 

9* 
8* 



21 



The use of Lead Glazing is becoming increasingly 
popular and to meet the growing demand, we are 



of Standard leaded lights 



producing a range 

use in conjunction with Reliance Standard Cottage 



casements. 



These Standard Panels are made 



every 



N" (no glazing bar) type of casement. To ensure 



that these panels 



give every satisfaction; no 



panel is despatched until at least three weeks after 
manufacture. This ensures that the cement in which 
the glass is bedded has had time to set properly and 
the glass, therefore, will not work loose in transit. 

Reliance Standard Lead Glazing is made in approxi- 
mately 6-in. x 8-in. squares with i /2-in. flat or round 
cames, reinforced horizontally where necessary with 
steel cores, no saddle bars being necessary. 



Panels are glazed with 21-oz. sheet 
standard. 



as 



Diamond panes, special designs and various quali- 
ties of glass can be supplied. Any deviations from 
the Standard however, not only increase the cost, but 
also the time necessary for delivery. 

Full size details and types of lead glazing are 
shown on the previous page. 




23 



STANDARD 

BAY 
WINDOWS 



Practically any design and size of Bay 



Window can 



obtained 



coupling 



together Reliance Standard Cottage Units 
with tubular Steel Mullion or Wood 
Corner posts. Details of these are shown 



on pages 

Surrounds gives 

appearance and often facilitates erection. 



use 
dow 



Wood 
bolder 



Reliance Bay Windows are ma 
Splayed, Square, Circular, Square-splayed, 
and Oriel. 



For convenience 



transport an 



obviate the risk of damage, Bay Windows 
coupled with Steel Tubular Mullions are 
despatched unassembled. Assembling on 
the Site is a very simple matter by means 
of the Reliance special cranked coupling 
bolt, shown on page 17. 



24 




10 



<0 



SfZES 



s 



stzes 






A.S5. 



-i 



A74 



v> 



in 



v. 



A4T4 



OVERALL SIZES OF CIRCULAR BAYS 



Types 


Lights 

Wi.l. 


Ht-igbt 


Width 


Proj. 


Types 


Lights 
U i<Jc 


Ifdjlil 


Width 


Proj 


A43 


4 


ft. ins. 

3 oj 


ft. ins. 

6 4l 


it. ins. 

* 3i 


A63 
A64 
A65 


6 


ft. ins. 

3 °i 


ft. ins. 

9 oj 


(l in 
2 3H 


A44 


4 


4 o 


6 4 i 


I 3i 


6 

6 


4 o 


9 oj 


2 3tt 


A45 


4 


5 1 4 


6 4 i 


x 3i 


5 «* 


9 oj 


2 3tt 


A46 


4 


6 off 


6 4i 


i 3* 


A66 


6 


6 oft 


9 o| 


* 3« 


AN 


5 


3 °i 


7 7ft 


I 9tt 


A73 


7 


3 oj 


io o fa 


2 utt 


A54 


5 


4 ° 


7 7ft 


I 9« 


A74 i 


7 


4 o 


IO oft 


2 lift 


ASS 


5 


5 ** 


7 7ft 


I 9it 


A75 


7 


5 ift 


to oft 


2 lift 


A56 


5 


6 o« 


7 7ft 


i 9f 


A76 


7 


6 Oti 


io oft 


> n| 



NOTE. — For Bayi without internal Glazing Bars add the leti< r N" to tin 

identification type, e.g. A6N5 

I .v B*yi with GLi/ing Bars above transome only, as AA. BB. NC-E, 

ND-E types, add the letter "TV' e.g. A7T5. 

For< ling Hinges add the lett< I " e.g. A7T5X. 



5 




l» 



C7 



C6.T5. 



^ 



/ 



C5.4. 



C44 



C34. 



stz.es 

^ — ^^^^— 

C46. 



C36, 



OVERALL SIZES OF SPLAYED BAYS 



30° BAYS 




45 


3 BAYS 


60° BAYS 






Types 


Lights 
Wide 

3 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 
o 

— 

■'. 
B 

: 

H 

c 

< 


Types 


Lights 
Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 

M 

M 

J) 

C 

z> 

o 
v 

o 

< 


Types 


Lights 
Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj 


B33 


ft. ins. 

3 o£ 


ft. 
4 


me. 

9i 


C33 
C34 
C35 


3 


ft. ins. 

3 °i 


It ins. 

4 3i 
4 31 
4 3ft 
4 3ft 


D33 


3 
3 


It ins. 

3 °£ 


ft. 

3 


ins. 
7 




B34 


3 


4 o 


4 
4 
4 


9l 
9i 
9i 


3 


4 ° 


D34 
D35 


4 o 


3 


7 




B35 


3 


5 i A 

6 otf 

3 °i 


3 


5 iA 


3 


5 *A 


3 

3 


7 
7 




B36 


3 


C36 


3 


6 otf 


D36 
D43 
D44 
D45 
D46 


3 


6 ofl 




B43 


4 


6 


4} 


C43 


4 


3 oj 


5 lo § 


4 


3 <>i 


5 


2* 




B44 


4 


4 o 


6 


4ft 


C44 


4 


4 o 


5 «°i 


■ ■ 

4 


4 o 


5 
5 


2* 
«1 


■o I 


B45 


4 


5 i* 

6 o|J 

3 oj 


6 


4ft 


C45 
C46 

C53 


4 


5 I A 


5 <°ft 


4 


5 i* 


B46 


4 


6 


4ft 


4 


6 otf 


5 '<>l 


4 


6 otf 


5 


«* 




B53 


_5 


7 


"ft 


5 


3 oi 


7 5i 


D53 


5 


3 <>| 


6 


9i 


c 


B54 


5 


4 o 


7 


««i 


C54 


5 


4 ° 


7 5ft 


D54 
D55 
D56 


5 


4 o 


6 


9 J 


I 


B55 


5 
5 


5 >A 


7 


IIj 


G55 


5 


5 *A 


7 5i 


5 


5 iA 


6 


91 

>1 





B56 


6 o{| 


7 
9 


"ft 
7ft 


C56 


5 


6 otf 


7 5ft 


5 


6 oft 


2 1 


B63 


6 


3 ©4 


C63 


6 


3 oj 


9 i» 


D63 


6 


3 oi 




5i 


B64 


6 


4 o 


9 


7ft 


C64 


6 


4 o 


9 ift 


D64 


6 


4 o 


8 


51 


< 1 


B65 


6 


5 i* 


9 


7* 


C65 
C66 


6 


5 i i 7 . 


9 i» 


D65 


6 


5 iA 


8 
8 


5} 




B66 


6 


6 o4J 


9 


7* 


6 


6 oH 


9 ift 


D66 


6 


6 otf 


5ft 




B73 


7 
7 


3 oi 


II 


3ft 


C73 


7 


3 oj 


lo 9f 


D73 


7 


3 oj 




>1 




B74 


4 o 


il 


3ft 


C74 


7 


4 o 


io qJ 


D74 
D75 


7 


4 o 


•ft 




B75 


7 


: . >A 


ii 


3ft 


C75 


7 


5 > 


IO 9} 


7 


5 iA 


IO 


'ft 




B76 


7 '' <»li 


1 1 


31 


C76 


7 


6 oft 


io gf 


D76 


7 


6 otf 


IO 


ti 




•Tom- 


-For B 
For B 


ays witJi 
ays with 


out 

Gl. 


int 
tzing 


rnal I 
Baib 


ilazing Ba 
above tra 


xs add 

nsome 


1 the lett 
i only as 


er S" t 
AA. BB 


o the 
. NC- 


identical 
E. ND-J 


tion t> 
types 


add let 


B6N5. 

sr • T." 





f.£. B6TS. 
For easy cleaning Hinges add letter "X," e.g. C7T5X. 



26 




s' 



i 

/ 



t 



I 



\ 



T 



\ 



\ 



\ 



\ 



SIZES 

E74 



M 



v) 



f 



\ 



Oj 



E64 



to 



\ 



\ 



i/ 



\ 



to 



/ 



\ 



\ 



to 



SfZES 



E7S 



SIZES 



£65 



1/ 



r\ 



SIZES 



E7T6 



\ 



<o 



\ 



to 



SIZES 



E6T6 







OVERALL SIZES OF SQUARE BAYS 




Types 


iLights 

\V ids 


Height 


Width 


Pro j . 


Tj ]>ci 


Lights 
Wid< 


Height 


Width 


Proj, 


E53 


5 


• 

ft. IDS. 

3 o£ 


(t. ins. 
5 I 


ft. in«. 

i 9l 


E65 


6 
6 

7 


It. IDS, 

5 ItV 


ft. iu». 

6 9l 


ft. ins 

i 92 


E54 


5 
5 

J- 

5 

b 


4 o 


5 i 


i 9i 


E66 


6 off 


6 9i 
B 51 


i 9l 


E55 


5 I& 


5 I 


i 98 


E73 


3 o.) 


i 9l 


E56 


6 oi| 


5 i 


i 9l 


E74 


7 
7 


4 o 


8 5* 


i 9» 


E63 


3 oj 


6 9i 
6 9. 


i 9l 


E75 


5 iA 


3 51 


* 9i 


E64 


6 


4 o 


i 9i 


E76 


7 


6 oft 


8 51 


i 9l 



B<— For Ventilators of 5 light Bayfl MM 5 light Splay Hays, page 26. 



Nul I Foe Bays without internal Glazing Bars add the U 1 N to Um id. ntification 

type, g.g. E7N7. 

1,1 Glaring Bais \c transome only, as AA, BH. N< I MM. types. 



add 



easy 



27 




V 



SITES 



F&T6 









F8T5 






I 


Ym> 


V 






/|><l\ 




\\ 






t % 
f i 


d- 




■ 


f 






\1 / 

/ \ i 


i 




i ] 






t i 










F84 









V 



9 



CENTRE OF 
TUBE MULLIONS i'3 



it 



05 



</J 



U> 



<Q 



to 



C23 

sizes 



G44 



S/ZES 



G4N4 



OVERALL SIZES OF SQUARE SPLAY AND ORIEL 



Types 


Ugbto 

Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 


Typei 


Lights 

Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 


F63 


6 


ft. ins. 

3 oj 


ft. ins. 

5 "1 


ft. ins. 

3 °J 


F85 


8 


ft. ins. 

5 1* 


ft. ins 
9 2| 


ft. int. 

3 °i 


F64 


6 


4 ° 


5 "I 


3 oj 


F86 


8 


6 oft 


9 2| 


3 oi 


F65 


6 


5 1* 


5 "i 


3 oj 




F66 


6 


6 oft 


5 "1 


3 oj 


ORIEL 


F73 


7 


3 <>i 


7 &i 


3 °i 


G23 I 

• 




•* | 3 ol 


2 6| 


I 2« 


F74 


7 


4 


7 61 
7 6J 


3 oj 


G24 


2 40 


2 6| 


I 2)1 


F75 


7 


5 1 A 


3 oj 


G25 


2 


5 1* 


2 6i 


I 2« 


F7fr 


7 


6 oft 


7 6J 


3 oj 


G26 


2 


6 oft 


2 61 


I 2« 


For Ventilators of the above types see 


G43 


4 


3 oj 


4 91 


2 4l« 


6 and 7 Light Splay Bays on page 18. 


G44 


4 


4 


4 91 


2 4* 


F83 


8 


3 oj 


9 2| 


3 oj 
3 °i 


G45 


4 


f «* 


4 9* 


2 44 


1 84 


8 


4 


9 2| 


G46 


1 


6 o« 


4 9i 


2 4* 



NOTE.— For Bavs without Glazing Bars add the Utter N" to the identification 

type e.g. F6N5. 

For Hays with Glazing Bars above transome only, as AA. BB. NC-L ND-E Ivjhj 

Add letter T." e.g., F6T5. 

For easy cleaning Hinges add the letter "X e.g. F6T5X. 



28 



BAY WINDOWS 
FIXING DETAILS 




29 




THE USE 



WOOD SURROUNDS 

conjunction with Reliance Standard 
Cottage Windows materially assists erection 



same time 



usually 



more 



economical than the practice of obtaining 
Wood surrounds from a separate supplier 
and screwing in the metal windows. 

Standard Wood Surrounds for all Re- 
liance Windows are made from selected 



seasoned timber, 
being out of 3.V 
cills out 



heads 



jambs 



// 



Deal and 



tt 



Oak. Surrounds 



can 



also 



supplied 
heads and jambs with 6 
Deal cill. Timber to any special 
dimensions can be supplied on request. 



Oak 



For specifications 
Surrounds see page 



Reliance Wood 



3<"> 




CIRCULAR. 



No. of Lights Wide. 


Proj. 


Width 


Proj. 


Width 


Proj. 


Width 


Three Lights 


ft. in. 

o 8* 


ft. in. 

5 3 


ft. in. 

o 8| 


ft. in. 

5 4* 


ft. 



in. 

8& 


ft. in. 

5 6 


Four Lights 


i 3# 


6 81? 


1 4* 


6 io 


I 


4& 


6 u\ 


Five Lights 


i n| 


7 "* 


i n| 


8 of 


2 


oj 


8 2^ 


Six Lights 


2 5* 


9 4i 


2 5i^ 


9 6f 


2 


°& 


9 7i 


Seven Lights 


3 i& 


io 4| 


3 2 ig- 


io 51 


3 


2ii 


io 7| 



SQUARE. 



No. of Lights Wide 



Five Lights 



• ■ 



Six Lights 



Seven Lights 



Proj . 



ft. in. 

i uf 



Width 



ft. 



in. 



I II 



I Ilf 



6 ii 



Proj 







2 Of 



Width 



in. 







Proj. 



in. 



Width 



in. 



SPLAYED 



No. of Lights 
Wide 



Overall 
Width 

OF 

Windows 

with 

Single 

Side 

Lights. 



Three 
Lights 



Four 
Lights 



ft. 



in. 



in. 



Five 
Lights 



in. 



I( >-& 



3 io 
3 ii 



Six 
Lights 



ft. 



in. 



ni 



Seven 
Lights 



Angle 
of Bay 



ft 



in. 



O 



II 10 



10 
10 

10 



Proj. 



in 



O 

o 
o 



III 

TT.13 

11 16 



o 



SQUARE SPLAYED. 



- r 



ORIEL. 



No. of Lights Wide 



Six Lights 



Seven Lights 



Eight Lights 



Proj. 



ft. 



in 



Width 



ft. 



in. 



WITH single SIDE LIGHTS 



Projection 



Width 



in. 



in. 



WITH DOUBLE SIDE LIGHTS 



Projection 



in. 



Width 



ft 



in. 



ALL SIZES ARE FOR BAYS WITH 
WOOD CORNER POSTS. 



3" x 2" WOOD SURROUNDS SHOWN GREEN 
31* * IV „ „ „ BLACK 

4* x 3* .. ,. .. RED 



3i 




stzes. 



to 



\. stz£s ,. 



H s ' zes » i 



to 



<0 



tQ 



«0 



TABLE 



OVERALL SIZES. 





SURROUNDS OUT OF 3 


J'x 2|' 






SURROUNDS OUT OF 


4' V 


TYPES 




11 in. 
Types 


One 

Light 


Two 
Li ph is 


Three 
Ligh is 




Four 
Lights 


TVP1 


1 1 -in. 

Typei 




>nr 

I. 


Two 
Ligbtt 


Thu 

Lights 


1 

I Urhti 


G 


ft. 

i 
i 


in. 

3J h 

l\ W 


ft. 

I 

I 


in. 
1 I J w 


ft. 

I 

3 


in, 

3i h 

6j w 


ft 

I 

5 


in. 

3i h 

] I w 


ft, 
1 

6 


in. 
3i H 

9} w 


G 


ft. 

i 
i 


in. 

3i H 

l| w 


ft. 

i 

2 


ia. 

• J w 


it in. 

i 3i h 

3 7l * 


ft. 

I 

5 


in 

3 h 
w 


ft. tn. 

* 3* h 

io| w 





i 

i 


IO H 
2J W 


I 

I 


io B 


i 
3 


IO H 

6| w 


i 
5 


IO H 

ij w 


6 


IO II 

9i W 





l 
i 


loj H 

3i w 


1 

2 


lo| H 

oj w 


r roj h 
3 7J w 


I 
5 


IO] H 

2J W 


1 id} If 

roj w 


E 


2 
1 


4tt" 

2j W 


2 

1 


4«H 

I I | w 


2 

3 


4»h 
6| w 


2 

5 


4«" 


2 

6 


4»H 

9i w 


E 


2 
1 


5 A" 

3i W 


2 
I 


5 Ah 
oj w 


* 5 A« 
7i w 


2 

5 

3 

s 

4 


5 Aw 

2| W 


5A 

IOJ w 


C 

AND 

AA 


3 

i 


4* 1 

2 \ W 


3 
I 


4i " 3 


4i B 
6J w 


3 

5 


4i h 

I J w 


3 
6 


4l H 

9i w 


C 

AND 

AA 


3 

i 


| H 

31 w 


3 

2 

4 

2 


5 ■ 

oj w 


3 5 h 
3 7l * 


5 " 

j} vv 
2 J W 


3 5 » 
6 loj w 


D 

AND 

BB 


4 

i 


4 H 

2j W 


4 

i 


4 H 

11) w 


4 
3 


4 H 

•I w 


4 
5 


4 ■ 

1} w 


4 
6 


4 ■ 
9j w 


D 

AND 

BB 


4 

i 


4i h 
3l w 


4i H 
ol w 


4 4i » 
3 7l v 


4 t| a 

6 loj w 



3^ 




SIZES 



<S) 



TYPICAL ELEVATION TYPE CE 



3 LIGHTS 

STEEL MULLIONS AND TRANSOMES 

SIZES GIVEN BELOW ARE OVERALL WOOD SURROUNDS 






TABLE OF OVERALL SIZES 



SURROUNDS OUT OF 3£" x 2£ 



TYPE 



EG 



CG 



DG 



DE 



1 1 * Types 



One 

Light 



Il| W 



4 4 h 

I IlJ w 



Two 
Lights 



Three 
Lights 



Four 



ts 



4 io| H 

I 2j W 



5 5 Ah 

I 2} W 



4 iojj H 



5 5&h 
i n£ w 



5 3i h 
i nj w 



5 ioi h 

I 2^ W 



5 i°i h 

I IlJ w 



6 4 #H 

I 2i VV 



6 4 ft h 

I IlJ w 



4 4 H 

3 6j w 



3 4*" 
6 9$ vv 



4 4 H 

5 if w 



4 io|- H 
3 6| w 



5 5-fr H 
3 6| w 



5 3h 



4 IO f h 

5 if w 



4 4 H 

6 9} w 



4 IO J H 
6 9} w 



5 5*h 

6 9} w 



5 3i h 



3 H w 5 1} w 



5 10J H 

3 6jw 



6 4i|H 

3 6fw 



5 i°i h 
5 ij w 



6 4HH 
5 if w 



5 3i h 

6 9}w 



5 ioi h 

6 9j w 



6 4J|H 
6 9J w 



SURROUNDS OUT OF 4* x 3 



TYPE 



EG 



1 1* Types 



CG 



ft. in. 

3 4 1« H 
1 3i w 



One 
Light 



ft. in. 

3 4iJh 
2 oj w 



Two 
Li phis 



ft. in. 

3 4tt H 

3 7% w 



4 4-i h 4 4$ 11 



1 3J w 



4 "J H 

1 3i vv 



CE 



5 5lfH 5 5#h 



oj w 



4 II J H 

2 o| W 



4 4t H 

3 7t w 



Three 

Lights 



in. 



4 II H 

2j W 



Four 
Lights 



4 "i H 

3 7fw 



4 4* h 

5 2} w 



ft. in, 

3 4 ft** 

6 10 1 w 



4 1 11 



1 3^ w 



DG 



DE 



5 4 H 

1 3 J vv 



o£ w 



5 4 H 5 4 H 



5 5#H 

3 7f w 



4 nt H 

5 2J vv 



5 5#h 
5 2} w 



4 r *l n 
6 '10J vv 



o£ vv 



5 iof H 
1 3i w 



6 5 A" 
1 3t w 



5 IO ! h 

2 Oj W 



5 5iin 

6 10 J vv 



5 4 



3 7f w 5 2j w 



& 5 i 7 «-h 
2 o* w 



5 iof- H 

3 7fw 



6 5 Ah 
3 7l vv 



5 10& H 



5 4 h 

6 10J vv 



5 10 & h 



5 2 J w 6 10 j w 



6 5&" 
5 2J vv 



^ 5/ffH 

6 io| w 



33 




S/ZES 



TYPICAL ELEVATION TYPE CE 



N 
CO 



3 LIGHTS 







WOOD MULLIONS AND TRANSOMES 
SIZES GIVEN BELOW ARE OVERALL WOOD SURROUNDS 










TABLE OF OVERALL SIZES 


SURROUNDS OUT OF 3}* x 2}* 


SURROUNDS OUT OF 


4' x . 


1 


TV IE 


1 1* Types 


One 
Light 


Two 
Lights 


Thrre 
Lights 


Four 
Ughts 


TYPE 


1 2* Types 


One 

Light 


Two 
Lights 


Three 
Lights 




Four 1 

Bbti 1 


EG 


tt. in. 

3 5&h 

I 2j W 


(t. in. 
3 5&H 
I I I J w 


ft. in. 

3 5 Ah 
3 8| w 


tt. IQ. 

3 5 Ah 

5 5|w 


fi. 

3 

7 


in. 
2} W 


EG 


ft. in. 

3 °A» 
i 3} w 


ft. in. 

3 6 Ah 

2 O} W 


ft. in. 

3 6Ar 
3 i°l w 


ft. 

3 

5 


in. 
6*11 

7* w 


ft. 

3 

7 


in. 1 

6 Ah 

5l w 1 


CG 


4 5" 

I 2) W 


4 5 h 

I I I J w 


* 5 H 

3 84 w 


4 5 h 

5 5 j w 


4 
7 


5 h 

2| W 


CG 


4 6 h 
i 3i w 


4 6 h 
o} w 


4 6 ii 
3 ioi w 


4 
5 


6 H 

7i * 


4 

7 


6 H 1 

5l vv 1 


CO 


4 " S n 

I 2J w 


4 n| ■ 

1 I 1 J w 


4 11 J H 

3 8f w 


4 nj h 

5 5|w 


4 

7 


I i} H 
2j W 


CQ 


5 o|h 
i 3i w 


5 o} H 

2 O} W 


5 OJH 

3 io} w 


5 

5 


°l 1 

1 w 


J 

7 


| H 1 

5l w 1 


I CE 


5 6 T 7 « B 

I 2 J W 


5 6£h 
I ir J vv 


5 &A H 
3 8J w 


5 °Ah 

5 5lw 


5 

7 


6Ah 

2} W 


CE 


5 7 A" 

i si w 


5 7*" 

2 0| W 


5 7A» 
3 io} w 


5 
5 

5 
5 


7 A: 

7f w 


5 

7 


7*H 1 
5l w 1 


1 DG 


5 4* " 

I 2} W 


5 4i ■ 

I 11} w 


5 4i h 
3 8| w 


5 4i h 
5 5}w 


5 

7 


4i H| 
2} W 


DG 


5 5jH 
i 3} w 


5 5l« 

2 Oj V 


5 5j h 
3 io} w 


Si ■ 

7l w 


5 

7 


si ■ 

5l w 1 


1 DQ 


5 ut H 

I 2j W 


5 n| ii 

I 11} w 


5 ii 4 ■ 

3 8| w 


J 11} H 

5 5l W 


5 
7 


1 I } H 
2j W 


DQ 


6 o} H 

i 3i W 


6 o} H 

2 O} W 


6 o} h 

3 io} v 


6 
5 


O} H 

7i * 


6 

7 


O} H 1 

51 w 


1 DE 


6 5 »H 

I 2} W 


° 5«H 

1 11} w 


6 5»h 
3 8| w 


6 $»■ 

5 5l » 


6 

7 


5ifH 

2} W 


DE 


6 6ftn 
i 3 J v 


6 6 #n 

2 Oj V 


3 ■' i * 


6 

5 


7l w 


7 


6«h 

5l w 1 



34 




/ 




35 



^ 





36 



Windows are constructed of Rolled Mild Steel 
sections of first quality, hydraulically straightened, 
scaled and cleaned free of rust. 

Cross Joints of glazing bars are locked to 
strengthen the points of intersection. Corners are 
machine mitred and electrically welded. All casements 
open outwards, unless ordered otherwise, and are 
hung on heavy steel hinges with 3/8-in. diameter 
Bronze Pins. 

Sidehung Casements are fitted with solid malleable 
Iron Handle and pegstay. The handle has a 2-point 
catch, the second point being for night ventilation. 
Bronze Fittings are supplied at a slight extra cost. 

Tophung Casements are fitted with hinges as above 
and malleable iron pegstay, pin and wrought iron 



rest. All 



Where 



these windows are built in as the work proceeds, 
building in lugs are supplied free of charge. 

When fixing to wood or stone countersunk fixing 
holes are provided. 

All windows are prepared for curtain Rod and 
Blind brackets, which are supplied without extra cost. 
Curtain Rods supplied at slight extra cost. 

ARCHITECTS SPECIFICATION. 

Steel Windows to be Reliance Standard Cottage 
Casements manufactured by Messrs. Williams 
Williams Ltd., Reliance Works, Chester. 

All Casements to be fitted with Reliance 100 Series 
Standard Iron or Bronze Fittings.* 



(*Delete type not required.') 

Owing to the rapid advances made in Metal Case- 
ment Manufacture we reserve the right to embody 
any change or improvement into the details shown in 
this Catalogue. 




37 



SPECIFICATION 
OF WOOD 

SURROUNDS 



heads 



from 



timber 



selected seasoned 



Heads, Transomes and Cills are throated 

underside as shown on details 

P a g e 35)- 

Heads and jambs are ploughed on the 
inside face to receive internal plaster, 
prepared to receive window board. 

Outside face (against wall) is ploughed 
to receive bedding cement to form effective 



weather check. 



Head 



Cills project beyond jambs 



to form horns for building in. 



Wood surrounds 



primed before 



despatch unless otherwise specified. 



Metal Casements 



bedded in 



mastic cement and screwed to surrounds. 



38 








39 



1 

















I ■ ■ 




STANDARD 
FRENCH 

DOORS 



This second section of our Standard 
Catalogue deals with 

RELIANCE 

STANDARD 

FRENCH DOORS 

These are manufactured in heavy section 



steel 
features . 



incorporate several exclusive 



Standard types of 



and Side- 
use with Reliance Standard 

with 



lights 

French Doors are shown tog 



types of Doors on pa 



and 45. 



made for 



use in con- 



junction with all Reliance Windows. The 
horizontal glazing Bars are arranged 

with standard Windows. 



typical examples 



cou 



together Standard French Doors 
Windows are shown on page 46. 

Reliance Standard French Doors ar 
supplied complete 



Wood 



ds 



details 



which are given on pages 



* 



STANDARD 
FRENCH 

DOORS 



4J 





44 




<-c 



10 



DP3 



I 8/e 



1 



DP2 



DPI 



It 



DM/ 


































DM2 



^,7T 



DM3 



hs 



ADP3 



tf 



if 



ADP2 



A DPI 



DC/ 



>TT 



.. 



Ix 



<n 



DO 



0C2 



0C3 



The above range of fast side lights have been 
designed for use in conjunction with Standard 
French Doors when a full length side light is 
required. 



Glazing bars 



kicking panels are made to 



line up in each case. 

A few typical examples of coupling Standard 
French Doors to Standard Fanlights and Side- 
lights are shown on page 46. 



45 



*m 





46 



m 





WEATHER BAR SUPPLIED 
AT SLIGHT EXTRA COST. 



0) 

UJ 

N 




47 





4 8 





49 






No. of 
Panes 






I TYPE 


Height 


Width 




4 


I of 


'°ft 




8 


«i 


IO A 


1 DP 


4 


"4 


10ft 




3 


«t 


10* 




I 


ii| 


5t 




i 


6f 


4* 




3 


iof 


8} 




6 


«i 


8{ 


1 DPS 


2 


"I 


8| 




3 


nf 


H 




r 


n2 


311 




i 


6i 


42 




4 


4i 


4f 




2 


4* 


10* 




3 


4 S 


4t 


1 DM 


2 


4 8 


10 ft 




I 


»«>i 


4& 




I 


26J 


4l 




4 


4? 


4l 




2 


4l 


10 ft 




2 


4l 


4i 




I 


4* 


17-ft 




I 


48 


17ft 


1 DMS 


I 


48 


4i 




I 


16$ 


4* 




T 


26} 


4* 




2 


4* 


4l 




I 


42 


1 7 ft 




4 


4« 


4i 




2 


4i 


I 2 ft 




4 


32+J 


4* 




2 


32 ft 


I2 ft 


[ DC 


3 


4ft 


4l 




2 


4* 


12 ft 




4 


ie,j 


4i 




2 


,6 i 


12* 




4 


4* 


4* 




2 

1 

2 


4* 


'2 ft 




4l 


4i 




I 


4i 


17ft 




2 


4l 


4l 




I 


4i 


r 7ft 


1 DCS 


2 


32 41 


4& 




2 


lb* 


4* 




I 


4* 


4l 




I 


32 H 


I7ift 




1 


i6| 


17 ft 




I 

4 


4ft 


17ft 




IO J 


8* 




*5 


»* 


S "' 
19 


1 ADP 


4 


"i 


»ft 




i 


"4 


3 J 




1 

3 


Oft 


42 




IO' 


H 




ii 


'•4 


8] 


1 ADPS 


3 


"1 


8} 




i 


«* 


3 a 




I 


6* 


4l 



TYPE 



DPF1 



No. of 
Panes 



DPF2 



DPSF1 



DPSF2 



DMF1 



DMF2 



DMSF1 



DMSF2 



6 



Height 



ro 



i 



Width 



10 A 



TYPE 


No. of 

Panes 

2 
2 
2 

4 

4 
2 

2 

2 

4 

2 
2 

4 
4 

1 
2 
1 
1 

2 

4 

2 

2 

3 
6 

3 
3 

1 
1 
1 


Height 


Width 


TYPE 


N f o. ol 
Panes 


Height 


Width 1 


DCF1 


8| 
8| 


41 

5 

1 2 ft 


DM2 


2 

I 

2 

I 
2 

I 

2 

I 
2 

I 

2 

X 

2 
I 
2 
I 

2 

I 

2 
I 

2 
I 

2 
I 
2 
I 
2 
I 
2 
I 
2 
I 

1 

4 
1 

2 

8 

2 



3 

12 

3 


4$ 
4l 

43 

4 S 

4! 
43 


42 I 

7 12 1 

42 1 
7 » 1 

42 1 
712 1 


DCF2 


4t 

45 
"2 

•if 

«i 

4l 


42 
5 

4i 

5 

12 ft 

12 ft 


DM3 


4l 

4* 

48 
48 

4l 
42 


41 1 

i7ft 1 

4S 1 

I7ft 1 

42 I 

17 ft 1 


ADPF1 


8| 

H 


8ft 
9 


DC1 


4l 
32 12 

4ft 
16} 

4l 


3 * 1 

82 I 

8J 1 
82 1 

82 1 


ADPF2 


10} 

io| 


8* 
9 


DC2 


4l 
4* 

324i 

32 {} 
4* 

4* 
i6f 

lb| 
4l 

4i 


4i 1 

7tt 1 

41 1 

7R 1 
4f 1 

7tt 1 

42 1 
712 1 
4f 1 
712 1 


DPI 


10J 

"I 

"2 


8} 

8* 

8J 
8J 


DC3 


4l 
42 

32 12 

32 12 
4ft 

4ft 
I6 g 

I6| 

42 
42 


4i 1 

17ft 1 

42 1 
'7ft 1 

42 1 
I7ft 1 

42 1 
»7ft 1 

42 1 

17ft 1 


DP2 


iof 

"i 

"J 


8| 

8J 
8| 

82 


ADP1 


10J 

"1 


82 I 
8| 1 

82 I 


DP3 


"1 


82 

82 


ADP2 


ioJ 
Hi 


82 1 
82 I 

82 1 


DM1 


4i 

48 

4} 


82 
81 

82 


ADP3 


ioJ 
ni 

"1 


82 1 
82 I 
82 1 



50 



^^V^^^^^H 




The use of Wood Surrounds in con- 
junction with Reliance Standard French 
Doors is usually more economical than 
the practice of obtaining Wood Surrounds 
from a different source and screwing 

Metal Doors. 



Standard Wood Surrounds are made 
for all Types of Standard French Doors, 



Fanlights 



Sidelights. 



Full size details 



overall sizes are 



shown on the following pages. 



For specification 
Surrounds see page 



Reliance Wood 



5r 





52 



SIZES 



J 



€t 



</> 






DP 



OPS 



DMS 



DM 



co 



ADP 



ADPS 



DCS 



DC 



OVERALL SIZES OF DOORS 



DOORS 


DP 


DPS 


DM 


DMS 


ADP 


ADPS 

ft. in. 

7 4i 


DC 

ft. in. 

7 4i 


DCS 


In 3J* x 2J* Wood Surrounds 


H, 
W. 

■ 

H. 

VV. 


ft. in. 

6 10J 


ft. in, 
6 io£ 


it. in. 

6 io£ 


ft. in. 

6 ioj 


ft. in. 

7 4i 


ft, in. 

7 4* 


4 1 


2 10 


4 1 


2 IO 


3 7i 


2 IO 


4 4 


| 2 10 


In 4* x 3* Wood Surrounds 


6 1 1 


6 11 
2 1 1 


6 1 1 


6 II 
2 I I 


7 5 
3 8 J 


7 5 


7 5 


7 5 


4 2 


4 2 


2 1 1 


4 5 


2 1 1 


DOORS 

and 

FANLIGHTS 




DP 

8c 

DPFl 

7 io* 


DPS 

& 

DPSFl 


DM 

& 

DMF1 


PMS 

8c 

DMSFI 


ADP 

& 

G8 


ADPS 

8c 
DPSFl 


DC 

8c 

DGF1 


DCS 

& 

DMSFI 


In 3 J* x 2 \" Wood Surrounds 


H. 
W. 
H. 

w. 

H. 
W. 


7 io* 


7 IO A 


7 10A 


8 4* 


* 4* 


8 4A 


8 4* 


with Steel Transome 


4 1 


2 10 


4 1 


2 IO 


3 7i 


2 IO 


4 4 


2 10 


In 4* x 3' Wood Surrounds 


7 »oft 


7 10A 


7 10 * 


7 10ft 


8 4ft 


8 4* 


8 4ft 


8 4ft 


with Steel Transome 


4 2 


2 11 


4 2 


211 


3 8i 


2 11 


4 5 


2 11 


ln3i*x 24* Wood Surrounds 


7 «i 


7 "4 

2 IO 


7 "± 


7 "t 


8 5i 
3 7i 


8 5i 


8 5i 


8 5i 


witli Wood Transome 


4 1 


4 1 


2 10 


2 10 


4 4 


2 IO 


In 4* x 3* Wood Surrounds 


H. 
W. 


8 Oi ; 


8 o£ 
2 u 


8 oj 


8 oj 


8 6| 


8 6£ 


8 6J 


8 6i 


with Wood Transome 


4 2 | 


4 - 1 


211 


3 8 4 


211 


4 5 


211 


DOORS 

and 

FANLIGHTS 

_ — __ 


DP 

8c 

DPF2 


DPS 
& 

DPSF2 


DM 
8c 

DMF2 


DMS 

& 

DMSF2 


ADP 

& 
E8 


ADPS 

& 
DPSF2 


DC 
DMF2 


DCS 

& 
DMSF2 


In 3£* x 2j* Wood Surrounds 


H. 
W. 

H. 
W 
H. 
W. 


8 ni 


8 1 1 i 


8 n£ 


8 1 1 1 


9 5i 


9 51 

2 10 


9 5l 


9 5i 


with Steel Transome 


4 * 


2 10 


4 1 


2 10 


3 7* 


4 4 


2 10 


In 4* x 3* Wood Surrounds 


9 


9 


9 


9 


9 6 


9 6 

2 II J 


9 6 


6 


with Steel Transome 


4 2 


2 n 


4 2 


2 11 


3 8i 


4 5 


2 1 1 


In 3 J* x 2 J* Wood Surrounds 


9 o# 


9 o# 


9 otf 
4 1 


9 oft 
2 10 


9 6» 


9 ft ft 
2 10 


9 oJ| 


9 OtJ 


with Wood Transome 


4 1 


2 10 


3 7i 


4 4 


2 10 


In 4* x 3* Wood Surrounds 


H. 

VV. 


9 itf 


9 i» 


9 ill 


9 i« 


9 7tt 


9 7tt 


9 7tt 


9 7tt 


with Wood Transome 


4 2 


2 11 


4 2 


2 II 


3 81 


2 1 1 


4 5 


2 11 



53 



OVERALL 
SIZES 



_ 




Standard French Doors are constructed of Rolled Mild 
Steel Sections of first quality. All Bars are hydraulically 
straightened, scaled and cleaned, free from rust, hammer 
marks and rolling flaws. 

Cross Joints of glazing bars are locked to strengthen the 
point of intersection. Corners are machine mitred and 
electrically welded. 

All Standard French Doors open outwards and glaze 
from outside unless especially ordered otherwise. 

Each leaf is hung on 3 solid Bronze hinges. Right hand 
leaf is fitted with handle and 4 lever lock, the left leaf is 
fitted with Bronze shoot bolts at top and bottom. 

The kicking panels are of steel plate bedded in mastic 
and secured by steel beads. 

The standard cill is as shown on page 48. If flush cill or 
bronze threshold is required (see page 49) these must be 
specified. 

All steel-work receives a coat of anti-corrosive weather 
resisting paint before despatch. 

SPECIFICATION OF WOOD SURROUNDS. 

The heads and jambs out of 3! -in. x 2^-in. Deal. Gills 
from 6-in. x 3 -in. Oak.* All timber is selected, seasoned, 
free from knots and shakes. 

Heads, Transomes and dills are throated on the under- 
side and worked according to details (see page 52). 

Heads and jambs are ploughed on the inside face to 
receive internal plaster, dills prepared to receive floor 
boards. 

Outside face (against wall) is ploughed to receive bedding 
cement to form effective weather check. 

Heads and dills project beyond jambs to form horns for 
building in. 

Wood Surrounds are well primed before despatch. 
Steel Doors are bedded in mastic cement and screwed 
to surrounds. 

• Cills are included and the sizes given on page 53 arc over the cdl. If no wood 
cill is required thib must be stated and the heights reduced by 2J*. When 
comparing estimates it is advisable to ascertain whether cilia arc included. 

ARCHITECTS SPECIFICATION. 

Steel doors (with wood surround and cill)* to be Reliance 
Standard French Doors manufactured by Messrs. Williams 
and Williams Ltd., Reliance Works, Chester. 

All doors to be fitted with Reliance Standard Bronze 
Door furniture. 



Type of cill required should be 

• Delete if not required. 



^d (see page 49). 



Owing to the rapid advances made in Metal Casement 
Manufacture we reserve the right to embody any change 
or improvement into the details shown in this Catalogue. 



54 

















STANDARD 
RELIANCE 

CASEMENTS 



The rapidly growing demand 



heavier 



better class Steel Casement 



that offered by the Standard 



Window has 



d 



u 



RELIANCE " 



STANDARD CASEMENTS 

Series) 

These are now dealt with in this third 
section of our Standard Catalogue. 

Details and construction are similar to, 



sections identical with 



purpose 



made windows in Reliance heavy Series. 



order 



offer 



more economical 



window than the purpose made, Standard 
types and sizes have been adopted and all 
types are shown in the following pages. 

Practically any desired design of Window 

coupling together 



can 



obtained 



Standard units. 

and Transome coupling bars 
are rolled with two continuous ribs to give 
double weathering and to withstand wind 
pressure or other strains which otherwise 
would be taken by the coupling bolts. 
The specially designed weather bar, which 
is incorporated with the transome gives 
added protection, and the window is thus 
made completely weather-proof. 




57 




6 PANE WIDE WINDOWS 
CAN BE MADE WITH ONE 
OPENING CASEMENT IN 
CENTRE IF REQUIRED. 



r-2%\ t'2%- 7 



<\J 



<0 



ss 



c\j 



J. 



tf 6/ 



R62 



R6224 



R6326 



A SA2B 



4'10'U" 



R 652/0 



^ 



<*> 



1 7" 




1 


1 


\ 




TR4I 










/?4/ 


















R42 





R 4-224 



R 4326 



R 44-26 



R 45210 



1 - — 















J 


L 







' 3// '" J 



y// 7 // 



7fl2/ 



/?2/ 



tf£2 



R22I4 



R 241% 



w ■ 

RZSIIO 



ALL 1 1 \*, \'2.\" 

AND 2'lf*HIGH 
TYPES CAN 
BE MADE TO 
OPEN AS TOP 
HUNG IF SO 
DESIRED. 



RIZ 



Ri2t2 



RI3I3 



K 



RI4I4 



en 



^ 



r It % 

RI5I5 



■■^H 





59 





6o 



wm^m 



± — ^ — — 




R22 
R23IB 



i . »'«*' . i 



// /* 



*42 
/?4326 



-*'-/0# 



RB2 

R63/6 



4'fO'A" 









































i 
























L 










L 


















l 


■"■ 








1 












. 























R6326 






in 



R42/4 
R 4-3/6 



I I 



RGZBA 

R63/6 



R 62/4 
R 6326 



<o 



<o 



ft 22 
R24/8 



R42/4 
R44/8 



1 t 



R 6224 
R 64/8 



R62/4 
R 6428 



v> 



R22 
R25t /O 



R 4214 
R45U0 



R 6224 

R 65/fO 



I i I II — 



/? 62/4 
tf 652/0 



6l 





62 






.~ ^.,,4 







T 









9-5 /ts 




































M 



R/3 
R/3 
ft 15 



TR4I 

NR42/4 
NR 43 

NR 45210 



R/3 


TR 41 


R/3 


R13 


NR 42/4- 


R /3 


R IS 


NR<43 
NR4-S210 


R15 



3' 3'/b" 



3'3V 



CO 



THE EXAMPLES ON 
THIS PAGE SHOW 
THE ADAPTABILITY 

OF 

STANDARD 

RELIANCE 

CASEMENTS 

TO LARGE PUBLIC 

BUILDINGS, BANKS, 



SCHOOLS 



ETC. 



WHERE FLOOR JOISTS 
CUT THROUGH 
WINDOW OPENINGS 
THE UNITS CAN BE 
FILLED IN WITH 
STEEL PANELS AS 
SHOWN ON THE TWO 
LOWER EXAMPLES. 



CO 



CR2/R4224 

R4S2/0/NR + 2 
R 4224/ r R 45210 



CR2/R42I4 

R45U0/NR42 
R+2/4-/R+SUQ 



63 





6 4 





65 





66 



i^ama 






.— 



■ 





6 7 




1 TYPE 


No. of 
Panes 

2 
4 

4 
8 

8 
4 

12 

4 

2 


Height 


Width 


TYPE 


No. of 
Panes 

2 
2 

3 

4 

5 

2 

I 

2 

I 

2 

I 

9 

2 

I 

2 

I 

2 

I 

2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
I 
I 


.1 

Height 


Width 


TYPE 


No. of 

Panes 


Height 


Width 1 


1 R61 


in. 

«* 
"* 


in. 

8* 
9 


R12 


ft. in. 
Il| 


ft. in. 

o 81 


NR22 


I 

* 

I 
I 

I 
I 

I 

I 
I 

I 

I 


ft. in. 

i io* 


ft. in. 1 

i 4* 1 


1 R62 


Il| 

III 


8* 
9 


R1212 


Il| 


o 81 | 


NR2214 


i io* 


i 4# 1 


1 R6224 


II* 

II* 


8* 
9 


R1313 


11^ 


o 81 


NR2316 


2 9* 


i 4* 1 


1 R6326 


"I 

"* 


8* 

9 

9 


R1414 


II 


o 81 


NR2418 


3 9* 


i 4* 1 


1 R6428 


16 

4 
4 

20 

4 
6 

2 
2 

2 
2 


II 

lift 

II 


8* 

9 

9 


R1515 


II 


o 81 


NR25 1 1 


4 8* 


i 4* 1 


1 R65210 


II 

II 


8* 

9 

9 


NR61 


II* 

II* 


i 5i 

i 6& 


NR12 i 


i io* 


o 81 1 


1 TR41 


8* 
8* 


8* 
9 


NR62 


i io* 
i io* 


i 51 

i 6* 


NR1212 


I 10* 


o 81 1 


1 R41 


ii* 


8* 
9 


NR6224 


i io* 

I II* 


i 4* 
i 6* 




NR1313 


2 9% 


o 8> 1 


1 R42 


4 
4 

8 
12 

16 

20 
2 
2 

4 

4 
6 

8 

10 


Hi 


8* 
9 


NR6326 


2 9$ 
2 II& 


i 4# 

I °* 


NR1414 


3 9* 


o 81 1 


1 R4224 


«i 


8* 


NR6428 


3 9* 
3 io* 


i 4* 
i 6^ 


NR1515 


4 8* 


o 81 1 


1 R4326 


"* 


8* 


NR65210 


4 8* 
4 9» 


i 4# 
i 6* 


SR45210 


8 

6 

4 

4 
3 

2 

4 
3 

2 

he a: 

TEM 




i i* 


i 44J 


1 R4428 


II 


8* 


NTR41 


o 8* 


i 51 


SR4428 


I 2$ 


i 4* | 


1 R45210 


II 


8* 


NR41 


° ii* 


i 5l 


SR4326 


i 4i 


i 4* 1 


1 TR21 


8* 


8* 


NR42 


i io* 


i 51 


SR25110 


i i# 


i 4* 1 


1 R21 


ii* 


8* 


NR4224 


I 10* 


i 4* 


SR2418 


i 2H 


i 4* 1 


1 R22 


"i 


8* 


NR4326 


2 9# 


i 4# 


SR2316 


i A\ 


i 4tf 1 


1 R2214 


"i 


8* 


NR4428 


3 9* 


i 4tf 


SR1515 


i i» 


o 81 1 


1 R2316 


H* 


8* 


NR45210 


4 8* 


i 4* 


SR1414 


I 2# 


o 81 1 

- 


1 R2418 


ii 


8* 


NTR21 


o 8A 


i 4tt 


SR1313 


i 4! 


o 81 1 


1 R25110 


ii 


8* 


NR21 


° ii* 


i 4tt 


SENfl- 

TO 


D TYPES 1 
PLATES. 1 



68 



The increasing popularity of Bay Win 



ows 



standardisation 



Reliance heavy Bays. 



Standard 



Cottage Casements, Reliance heavy standard 
units can be built up to form almost any 
desired type of Bay. 

To simplify the ordering of Bay Windows 
we have designed ranges of the combina- 



tions most generally used 



full 



of these, together with overall sizes and 



identification letters 



given on pages 



70 to 



pling is formed by means of 



tubular Mullion, which ensures a 
proof joint, and, at the same time 
bold appearance to the complete J 



convenience 



transport 



eliminate the risk of damage, Bay Windows 
are despatched unassembled, assembling 
on the site being a very simple matter by 

coupling 



means 
bolt. 



Reliance 



STANDARD 

RELIANCE 

BAY WINDOWS 



69 




RAS4 



\ 



T 



RA 74 



r 



RA 65 



X 



\ 



I 



A 



7 



RA 75 



I 



RA 66 



7 



StZ 



\ 



i 



RA76 



SIZES 



\ 



./ 



X 






CIRCULAR BAYS 



Tvr- 


Lights 
Wide 


H 


Bight 


Width 


Pro,. 


Type 


Lights 
Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 


RA53 


5 


(1 
3 


in. 


(i. 

7 


In. 

7* 


ft. 

2 


in 

o 


RA65 


6 


H 
5 


in. 
2# 


ft. 

9 


in. 

oi 


It. in. 
2 6| 


RA54 


5 


4 


o* 


7 


7* 


2 





RA66 


6 


6 


X * 


9 


>l 


2 6| 


RA55 


5 


=> 


*tt 


7 


7* 


2 


o 


RA73 


7 


3 


oi 


10 


oA 


3 2i 


RA56 


5 


■i 


in 


7 


7* 


2 





1 RA74 


7 


4 


o* 


10 


o* 


3 2k 


RA63 


6 


3 


oi 


9 


oi 


2 


6f 


RA75 


7 


5 


2tt 


10 


o* 


3 2j 


RAM 


6 


4 


oj 


9 


oj 


2 


°* 


RA76 


7 


6 


li 


10 


o* 


3 2\ 



NOTE.— For Bays without internal Glaring Ban add the letter "N to the 

identification type. e.g.. RA5N3. 

For easy cleaning Hinges add the letter X." eg., RA JX. 



7 




RB54 



RB64 













» 






* / 


1 v 






\ * 




$ 


r 










J 




r 


1 






l 









^mm^^^^^^^^m 


^^^^^| 


^^^^™i 


^^^^^l^^^BHBM 






% 




* 










1 




















1 








y 



















I 


\ 




% 

















/?as5 



A?fi 65 



/ 



7 



fffi 56 



fffi 66 



* 1 


% 




ft 


i 


• 


■ 




















\ 






V 








• 


/I " 




I 


\ 






1 1 





SIZES 



t 



SIZES 



Type 



RB43 
RB44 
RB45 
RB46 

RB53 
RB54 
RB55 
RB56 
RB63 
RB64 
RB65 
RB66 
RB73 
RB74 
RB75 
RB76 



SPLAYED BAYS 



30° SPLAY 



Lights 
wide 



4 



6 



6 



Height 



ft. ins 

3 oj 



Width 



8 



8 



4 °i 



8 



1 1 



u 



ii 



1 1 



ins 



8 oh 



Proj 



Type 



RC43 



RC44 



RG45 



RC46 



RC53 



RC54 



RC55 



RC56 



RC63 



RC64 



RC65 



RC66 



RC73 



RC74 



RC75 



RC76 



45* SPLAY 



Lights 
wide 



4 



6 



Height 



6 



Width 



5 Ir 



5 " 



5 " 



9 2ft 



to 



IO 



IO 



io io.l 



IV. j. 



rn 



Type 



RD43 



RD44 



RD45 



RD46 



RD53 



RD54 



RD55 



RD56 



RD63 



RD64 



RD65 



RD66 



RD73 



RD74 



RD75 



RD76 



60° SPLAY 



Lights 
wide 



6 



Height 



ft. ins. 
3 oj 



4 oji 



Width 



8 



8 



8 



IO 



IO 



IO 



IO 



NOTE.— For Bays without Internal Glazing Bars add the letter *'N," e.g. RB6N4. 

For Easy Cleaning Hinges add the letter •'X." e.g. RB73X. 



ProJ 



o 



71 




RE 64 



SIZES 



7 



RE 74- 



L 



SIZES 



RE 65 



A 



L 



SIZES 



\ 



7 



L- 



RE 75 



\ 



L 



7 



x 



SIZES 



N 



RE 66 



/ 



SIZES 



V 



RE 76 



Type 



RE53 



RE54 



RE55 



RE56 



RE63 



RE64 



Lights 
Wide 



Height 



ft. 
3 


ins. 


4 


o| 


5 


2* 


6 


Itt 


3 


oi 



SQUARE BAYS 



Width 



ft, ins. 



Proj. 



Type 



RE65 



RE66 



RE73 



RE74 



RE75 



RE76 



Lights 
Wide 



Height 



6 


n. 
5 


ins. 
2* 


6 


6 


Itf 


7 


3 


oi 


7 


4 


oi 


7 


5 


2ft 



Width 



ft. ins. 

6 9tf 



6 


9tt 


8 


H 


8 


6i 


8 


6J 



NOTE.— For Bays without Internal Glazing Bars add the letter "N." e.g. RE5N3. 

For Easy Cleaning Hinges add the letter "X." e.g. RE65X. 



72 





73 




/ 



RG23 



RG 



RG4N3 



RG2N3 



J 



I 



- 



SIZES 



RG 



\ 












\ 


1 


\ 












\ 




k 










/ 




1 


) 








1 


' 



SIZES 



% 



RG44 



SIZES 



RG4N4 



SIZES 



^ 



RG2N4 



ORIEL BAYS 



Type 


Lights 
Wide 


Height 


Width 


Proj. 


Type 


Lights 
Wide 


H 


eight 


Width 


Proj. 


RG23 


2 


fi. in. 

3 oj 

4 oj 

5 2ft 

6 xft 


ft. in. 

2 6| 


ii. in. 

I 3* 


RG43 


4 


it. 

3 


in. 


ft. in. 

4 9t 


ft, in. 

2 4tt 


RG24 


2 


2 6} 


i 31 


RG44 


4 


4 


oj 


4 9l 


2 4ii 


RG25 


2 


a 6| 


i 31 


RG45 


4 

! 4 


5 


2ft 


4 9l 


2 4tt 


RG26 


2 


2 6| 


i 31 


RG46 


6 


M2 


4 9l 


2 4H 



NOTE.— For Bays without internal Glazing Bar add the letter X " e.g.. RG2N6. 

For easy cleaning Hinges add the letter X " e.g. RG45X. 



74 



BAY Wl N DOW 

FIXING 

D ETA I LS 




75 







Reliance Heavy Standard Casements are constructed 
of Rolled Mild Steel Sections of first quality. 
Bars are hydraulically straightened, scaled and cleaned 
free from rust, hammer marks and rolling flaws. 



■ * 



Cross jomts 



glazing bars are locked 



strengthen the points of intersection. Corners are 
machine mitred and electrically welded. 

Casements are doubled weathered at all points. 

All side and top hung Casements are hung on 
solid Bronze butts. 

Sidehung Casements are provided with solid 
Bronze Handle and Pegstay, pin and rest. 

Tophung Casements are provided with solid 
Bronze Pegstay, pin and rest. 

All Casements are provided with countersunk fixing 
holes or lugs for building in as required. 

Steelwork painted one coat of best grey anti- 
corrosive weather-resisting paint before despatch. 

ARCHITECTS SPECIFICATION. 
Steel Casements to be Reliance Heavy Standard 



Casements manufactured 



Messrs. Williams 



Williams Ltd., Reliance Works, Chester. 

All Casements to be fitted with Standard Reliance 
Bronze Fittings. 

When ordering Bay Windows it is necessary to 
give the extension of the Tubular Mullions at head 
and cill. If no dimension is given mullions are 
supplied flush. 



76 





*■ »■« im,^< **X 

















STANDARD 
SASH 



rr 




RELIANCE 

STANDARD 

SASHES 



are designed 
Industrial Building. 



use 



every 



class 



The 



use 



f 



pecial 



pi 



bles Reliance Standard Sashes 



pled 



suit practica 



d opening or to form 



pi 



pled 



are 



catalogue. 



page 84 in this section of 



A range of these Windows is supplied 



with 



P 



conform with Fire 



Office regulations. 



For use where brick arches 



are 



incorporated in place of concrete or steel 
lintols a range of segmental headed fast- 



lights 



designed 



any of the Standard units. 



coupled 




79 





8o 





8 1 




K -* 



1- 



5//2 



in 



S50 22 







K 


/ 

f 

\ 



55£23 











9 


- 



I 3 '* J/ " I 



H7"h H7> 
" SS£24 



NOTE. 

THE VENTILATORS 
IN THE UPPER POR- 
TIONS OF SSE 
TYPES, 5 AND 6 
PANES HIGH, ARE 
HORIZO NTALLY 
CENTRE HUNG. 

THE LOWER POR- 
TION BEING SIDE 
HUNG. 

THE FAST SEG- 
MENTAL HEADS 
SHOWN ON THIS 
PAGE CAN BE 
COUPLED OVER 
ANY TYPE OF 
STANDARD SASH. 



o> 



5H3 



SSB 32 



/ 



SSE 33 



\ 



/ 



SSE 34 



\ 



\ 



/ 



/ 



/ 



SSE 35 



\ 



\ 



/ 



SSE 36 



i 



4'-3'/a 



SH4 



SSB 42 



\ 



/ 



* 



SSE 43 



/ 



\ 



SSE 44 



45 



\ 



\ 



" 



*jj* 



SSE 46 



»i 



5' 3 % 



SH5 



SSB5Z 



\ 



/ 



SSE 53 



/ 



/ 



•- 



/ 



SSE 55 



/ 



/ 



9 



\ 



-\i'7 3 /e 



oY^n 



rn 











1 E 










ta 








/ 


IT 

■ - 






/ \ 



^x 



f> 



<o 



SSE 56 



82 



3'2 2 /J 



4' 3'/af 



S 3'/z« 



\ 



• 



/ 



/ 



/ 



/ 



■ 



A 






\ 



/ 






\ 



SSA3S 



/ 



S 



/ 



ii 



\ 



SSA45 



\ 



/ 



SSA 46 



\ 



S 



/ 



SSA 55 



\ 



s 



i'7 



ssass 



to 83 can be coupled 

iorm composite types 

(No. 516) shown in 



NOTE. 

Any of the units shown on pages 
together horizontally and vertically to 
by menu of our special Coupling Bar 
the full size details on page 85. 

Ml Ventilators, except Types SSB and SSL, which arc bottom 
hung and side hung respectively, are horizontally centre hung. 
They may, however, be made bottom hung if desired. 

Cilazing sizes are given 00 page 87. 









8 4 



,.- 






OUTSIDE 



yp5 



'23 



••••■''••'^ 





SECTION THROUGH HORIZONTAL 
SWING ABOVE THE PIVOT, OR 
THROUGH FALL BACK CASEMENT 



" 




SO 9 



/23 



i 



* 



SECTION THROUGH 
BOTTOM OF FALL 
BACK CASEMENT 



SECTION THROUGH 

HEAD OF ESCAPE 

VENT 




OUTSIDE 





Id 
O 

z 





HORIZONTAL SECTION THROUGH ESCAPE VENT 



Sb 




1 Types 


No. of 
Panes 


Height 


Width 


i Types 


Mo. ol 

Panes 


Height 


Width 


Types 


No. oJ 
Panes 


f Height 


Width 


Types 


No. oi 
Pane: 


Height 


Width 1 


1 SSF11 


I 


ins. 
18 


ins. 
12 


SS13 


I 

2 


ins. 

18 

1 6{ 


ins. 
12 

9} 

12 


SSF25 


IO 


ins. 
18 


ins. 
12 

12 

10} 

12 


SSA36 


6 

8 

4 


ins. 

18 

16} 

16} 


ins. 1 

12 1 

iol I 

12 1 


1 sail 


1 


i5i 


9} 


SSF23 


6 


18 


SS25 


6 
4 


18 
16* 


1 SSA46 


16 
8 


18 
16} 


12 1 

10J I 


1 SSF21 


2 


18 


12 


SS23 


2 

4 


18 
16* 


12 


SSF35 


15 


18 


SSA56 


18 
8 

4 

2 
2 


18 

16} 

16} 


I 2 1 

lo i 1 

1 1 1 


1 SS21 


2 


*5i 




ioj 


SSF33 


9 


18 


12 


SS35 


9 

4 

2 


18 

I6J 

I6J 


12 

10I 

12 


SSB22 


18 
I5l 


12 1 


1 SSF31 


3 


18 


12 


SS33 


3 
4 

2 


1 8 

I6J 

16} 


12 

ioj 

I 2 


SSF45 


20 


18 


12 


SSB32 


3 
2 

1 


18 

15* 


12 1 

IO « 1 

12 1 


1 SS31 


2 

I 

4 


i5f 
«5l 


ioj 

12 


SSF43 


12 


18 


12 
12 

I0 J : 




SS45 


16 
4 


18 
I6J 

18 


12 
12 


SSB42 


6 

* 

2 


18 
15J 


12 1 
10 } 1 


1 SSF41 


18 


12 


SS43 


8 
4 

• 


18 
I6J 


SSF55 


25 


SSB52 


7 

2 

1 

2 
4 


18 

15} 

i5l 


12 1 
iol 1 

12 1 


1 SS41 


2 

2 

5 


18 
*5* 


12 


SSF53 


15 


18 


12 


SS55 


19 

4 

2 


18 

1 61 
16J 


12 

iol 

12 


SSE23 


18 
16} 


12 1 


1 SSF51 


18 


12 


SS53 


9 
4 

2 


18 
I6J 
1 6* 


12 
12 


SSF16 


6 
4 

2 


18 


12 


SSE33 


5 

4 


18 
16} 


12 1 
IO ! I 


1 SS51 


2 
2 
I 


18 

'Si 
I5l 


12 
12 

12 


SSF14 


4 


IS 


I 2 

* ** 


SS16 


18 
1 61 


12 

9j 


SSE43 


8 
4 


18 
16} 


12 1 
i°l 1 


1 SSF12 


2 


18 


SS14 


2 
2 


18 
i6J 


12 

9f 


SSF26 


12 


18 


12 


SSE53 


11 

4 

4 
4 


18 

16} 


12 1 
1Q l 1 


1 SSI 2 


2 


16} 


9* 


SSF24 


8 


18 


12 


SS26 


8 

4 


18 
16I 


12 

log 


SSE24 


18 
16} 


12 1 


1 SSF22 


4 


18 


12 


SS24 


4 
4 


|8 
i6| 


12 

ioj 


SSF36 


18 


18 


12 


SSE34 


8 
4 


18 

16} 

18 

16} 


12 1 
iol 1 


1 SS22 


4 


16} 


iog 


SSF34 


12 


18 


12 


SS36 


12 

4 

2 
24 


18 
1 61 
16} 

18 


12 

IO} 

12 


SSE44 


12 
4 


12 1 
iol 1 


1 SSF32 


6 
4 

2 


18 


12 


SS34 


6 
4 

2 


18 
16 J 
I6J 


12 

ioj 

12 


SSF46 


12 


SSE54 


16 
4 


18 
16} 


12 1 
IO ! 1 


1 SS32 


16} 
16} 


I0 S 
12 


SSF44 


i6 


18 


12 


SS46 


20 

4 


18 
16I 


12 


SSE35 




5 

8 

2 

12 

8 


18 

16} 

16} 


12 1 

IQ 5 I 

12 1 


I SSF42 


8 


18 


12 


SS44 


12 

4 


18 
i6J 


12 

lof 


SSF56 


30 


18 


12 


SSE45 


18 
16} 


12 1 
IO ! 1 


1 SS42 


4 
4 


18 
1 6} 




12 

10} 


SSF54 


20 


18 


12 


SS56 


24 

4 
2 


18' 1 
16I 
1 61 


12 

lOf 

12 


SSE55 


15 
8 
2 


18 

16} 

16} 


12 1 

IO ! 1 

12 1 


1 SSF52 


10 


18 


12 


SS54 


14 
4 

2 


18 
i6J 
1 6* 


12 

io{ 

12 


SSA35 


3 

8 

4 

12 
8 


18 
16I 
1 61 


12 

iol 

12 


■ 
SSE36 


8 
8 
2 

16 

8 


18 

16} 

16} 


12 1 

IO ! 1 

12 1 


1 SS52 


4 
4 

2 


18 
i6i 


12 
12 


SSF15 


5 


18 


12 


SSA45 


18 
16I 


12 

iol 


SSE46 


18 
16} 


12 1 

iol 1 


1 SSF13 


3 


18 


12 


SS15 


3 

2 


18 | 
1 6* 


12 

91 


SSA55 


13 

8 

4 


18 

16I 

16I 


12 

IO* 

12 


SSE56 


20 
8 
2 


18 
161 

1 61 


12 1 

I°l 1 
12 I 



87 



■■■■■^■■■VH 






iM ' 





89 




Standard Sashes are constructed of Rolled Mild Steel 



first quality. 



Bars are hydraulically 



Sections 

straightened, scaled and cleaned free from rust, hammer 
marks and rolling flaws. 

Cross joints of glazing bars are locked to strengthen the 
points of intersection. All other joints are machine tenoned 
and rivetted. 

All ventilators are double weathered by means of Reliance 
special unequal lining Bars and are hung on heavy forged 
steel pivots with Bronze pins, whether centre, bottom, or 



side hung. 



Swin 



spring catch and pulley for cord operation, or if specified 
malleable iron pegstay, pin and rest. 

Bottom hung vents are provided with solid Bronze 
spring pulley catch and pulley for cord operation. 

are provided with malleable Iron 



Side 



hung vents 



Handle, Pegstay, Pin and Rest. The pivots are fitted at top 
and bottom of vents close to side of Casement, providing 



anin 



All sashes are provided with ^--in. diam. Countersunk 
Fixing Holes or supplied with Lugs for building in, as 
required. 

Special muilion or transome sections to be supplied 
where called for to couple the standard units. These 
mullions have i-in. extension at head, cill and jambs, unless 
otherwise specified. 

All Steel-work receives a coat of anti-corrosive weather- 
resisting paint before despatch. 

ARCHITECTS SPECIFICATION. 

Steel Windows to be Reliance Standard Sashes manu- 
factured by Messrs. Williams and Williams Ltd., Reliance 
Works, Chester. 

Owing to the rapid advances made in Metal Casement 
manufacture, we reserve the right to embody any change 
or improvement into the details shown in this catalogue. 



9° 








_ - ._ 




I 




« 






OFFICE 

HOSPITAL 
Wl N DOWS 













\ 




A^ *.*?**. 









EO 



STANDARD 

SCHOOL & OFFICE 

WINDOWS 



The Windows 



this section have 



een carefully designed to conform with 
Ministry of Health regulations for schools, 
offices and hospitals. 



THE STANDARD 

HOSPITAL 
WINDOWS 



type S.O., 



are made 



conjunction 



with the School type Windows, typ 
The design of these enables the \? 
glazing- bars to line throup-h. 



The 



d 



bein 



able 



pie these types together will readily 
seen on looking at the example on 



page 96. Coupl 



by means of 



pecial 



pi 



which 



rolled 



with two continuous ribs to give doubl 



w 



d 



d 



pressure, 
would b 



other 



pi 



bolts 



93 



■ 



V^H 




.. 



4'ia& 



SF3I 



3'-3'/s 



a 



SF2I 

4'io'U 



5 3212 

3* ate 



$2212 



4? to 'A 



4''I0'A 



S3III 
4'-iOY+ 



$3121 



^ 



<\j 



SH3/I3 



3'- 


3/e 


J 


i 


1 




r 


7 



3''3'/a 



3'- 3 Ye 



SF2UI 



SF2I2I 



SH2U2 

4SI0& 



STANDARD IRON 
FITTINGS AS USED 
ON THE STANDARD 
COTTAGE CASEMENTS 
ARE FITTED TO THIS 
RANGE OF WINDOWS. 



BRONZE FITTINGS 
CAN BE SUPPLIED AT 
SLIGHT EXTRA COST, 



3<3Ys 



FALL-BACK CASEMENTS CAN 
BE FITTED WITH SHEET STEEL 
SIDE CHEEKS OR SIDE CHEEKS 
PREPARED FOR GLAZING, AS DESIRED. 



NOTE. 



WHOLE 



IN OUR RELIANCE UNIVERSAL SECTION, SERIES 4OO. 
TYPES AND SIZES TOGETHER WITH FULL SIZE DETAILS 
ARE SHOWN ON PAGES 97 AND 98. 

A FEW SUGGESTED METHODS OF COUPLING BOTH 
THESE RANGES OF WINDOWS ARE GIVEN ON PAGE 96. 



94 



— . 



■ i— tf ■ I 



■ ■ « 





95 







3' 3 y e 







l s /y 

1 'C^ 





'/ 



A' 10 £ 








1 S /\ H 1 


s Awl 







3'-3'/e 



sAh 



SF3l/S3222/sF3t 



SF2//S22te/sFSf 



-f '• 10 74 



\sJ\h\ 

/ \ 1 








\sj\fi\ 



SF3l/s3222/$H3ll3 



THE EXAMPLES OF COUPLED 
TYPES SHOWN ON THIS PAGE 
ARE MADE UP FROM THE 
UNITS SHOWN ON PAGE 94, 
CONSTRUCTED IN SECTION 
SERIES IOO, AND ALSO 

FROM THE UNITS SHOWN ON 
PAGE 97, CONSTRUCTED IN 
OUR RELIANCE UNIVERSAL 
SECTIONS, SERIES 40O 



+'io& 







h 



H 



S3ill/S3222/SH3U3 







H 



Sltll/SZZI2/SHZU2 



1 Ivv 




l 5 A"l 


sX/yl 



S3/ll/S3222/SF3f 



\ 1 








SZUl/S22l2/SF2l 1 



96 



^m+~- *. 



*— * 










<0 



04 



<« 



c\J 



4 f -W« 



/?SF3/ 



/?SF2/ 



4'-JVK 



AS 32/2 
3'-3% 



AS 22/2 



* '• /0/S 



==i t 



/? S 3/// 



RSff 3113 



I - 3 '^ -I h 



3-3/5 



KS2/// 



fiS 2/2/ 



STANDARD BRONZE 
FITTINGS AS USED 
ON RELIANCE HEAVY 
STANDARD CASE- 
MENTS ARE FITTED 
TO THIS RANGE OF 
WINDOWS. 



FALL-BACK CASEMENTS CAN BE 

FITTED WITH SHEET STEEL SIDE 

CHEEKS OR SIDE CHEEKS PREPARED 

FOR GLAZING, AS DESIRED. 



4**10%. 



RS 3/2/ 



$•*& 



RSHSII8 



4'* to'A 



RS 3222 



|< §L2& J 



RS 2222 



NOTE, 

THE WHOLE OF THIS RANGE OF WINDOWS IS ALSO 
MADE IN LIGHTER SECTIONS, SERIES 100, TYPES AND 
SIZES BEING SHOWN ON PAGE 94. 

A FEW SUGGESTED METHODS OF COUPLING BOTH 
THESE RANGES OF WINDOWS ARE SHOWN ON PAGE 96. 



97 




WEATHER BAR AT 

SLIGHT EXTRA COST 



fr 



SECTION THRO' 

HEAD OF PUSH-OUT 

AND SIDE HUNG 

CASEMENTS 




DETAIL OF TRANSOME, SHOWING 
METHOD OF COUPLING STANDARD 
UNITS BY MEANS OF THE SPECIAL 

COUPLING BAR 



StZES 




UJ 

Q 

B 

O 



SECTION THRO' JAMB OF 
SIDE HUNG CASEMENTS 



SECTION THRO CILL 
OF SIDE-HUNG AND 
PUSH -OUT CASEMENTS 



i 




N 






9 8 



... «•*» 



h*»d 



■W — •. 







hn* 



3 r >9 



SOI. FAST LIGHT 



^n 



2'r0% 



SO 2 FAST LIGHT 



SO 3. TO OPEN AS HORIZONTAL SW/NG 
6 04. .. ,. „ FALL-BACK CASEMENT 



SOS. TO OPEN AS HORIZONTAL SWING 
SO 6. „ ,, „ FALL'BACK CASEMENT 



DDD 

nnnn 



SO 7 FAST LIGHT 






«> 



OsJ 



SO 8, FAST LIGHT 



SO 9. TO OPEN AS HORIZONTAL SWING 



S 12. TO OPEN AS SIDE HUN G 

WITH FIXED MEETING RAIL. 



cvi 



CVJ 



SO 10. TO OPEN AS VERTICAL SWING. 
SOIL .. „ * HORIZONTAL SWING 



ALTERNATIVE DESIGNS FOR SIDE CHEEKS 
TO FALL-BACK CASEMENTS. SUPPLIED 
EITHER IN SHEET METAL, OR FOR GLASS. 



99 








100 






Am 



i «*•« 





SECTION THROUGH HEAD 
OF HORIZONTAL SWING 



<0 

N 




<0 
UJ 
N 



SECTION THROUGH TRANSOME 
BETWEEN HORIZONTAL SWING 
AND SIDE HUNG CASEMENTS 




SECTION THROUGH TRANSOME 

BETWEEN TWO HORIZONTAL 

SWING CASEMENTS 



SECTION THROUGH CILL 
OF SIDE HUNG CASEMENTS 



10 1 





102 



A** 



X^JU* 



h**4Mfc.« 



Owing to the increasing demand for a 

STANDARD HOSPITAL WINDOW 

OF THE 

BALANCE TYPE 

we have produced the Reliance Georgian Window 



standard 



sizes 



(British Patent 256146/26), 

Types and sizes together with full size details are 

shown on the following pages. 



The production of these Windows as Standard 



considerably decreases 



cost, although all the 



exclusive features of Reliance purpose-made Windows 
are retained in these Standard products. 

The design and construction of Reliance Standard 



Windows enables maximum 



time 



used 



gives a very distinctive appearance 

These Windows are designed 
conjunction with Standard School 
Windows, type SO, the overall width sizes being 
same. By the use of special coupling bars 
these Windows can be coupled together vertically, 



Office 



ensuring a structurally strong 
Window. 



weather-proof 



STANDARD 

HOSPITAL 

WINDOWS 



103 





104 



* * 




Reliance Georgian Window 

(British Patent 256146/26). 



V 



A 



\ 



Particularly in hospitals and schools, complete Ventilation is vital, yet 
with ordinary windows it is often impossible owing to the creation 
of draughts. The window shown above completely surmounts this 

the ceiling- and 



diffic 



Incoming air is deflected towards 



exhausted air is forced out through the space at the top of the window. 
This space increases as the main window is opened and in whatever 
position the window is placed the space for incoming air is in correct 
proportion to the space for outgoing air, thus ensuring the complete 
removal of exhausted air. 



105 



M 





106 



- 






■ ■■ 



i^fe. 





107 




Standard School, Office and Hospital Windows are 
constructed -of Rolled Mild Steel Sections of first quality. 
All Bars are hydraulicalty straightened, scaled and cleaned, 
free from rust, hammer marks and rolling flaws. 

Cross joints of glazing bars are locked to strengthen the 
points of intersection. Corners are machine mitred and 
electrically welded. 

Casements are double weathered at all points, the 
weathering is solid with the frames and not obtained by 
the use of welded or screwed on fillets or strips. 

All steel-work painted one coat of best grey anti-corrosive, 
weather-resisting paint before despatch. 

SCHOOL & OFFICE WINDOWS TYPE S. PAGE 94, 

All S Type Windows are constructed in Reliance Sections, 
series 100. 

Side, top and bottom hung Casements hung on heavy 
steel hinges with |-in. diameter Bronze pins. Side hung 
Casements open outwards, all types made to glaze from 
the outside. 

Side hung Casements fitted with solid malleable Iron 
Handle, Pegstay, Pin and Rest. 

Top hung Casements fitted with solid malleable Iron 
Pegstay, Pin and Rest. 

All fittings have Bronze working parts. 

All windows are provided with ^-in. diameter counter- 
sunk fixing holes or supplied with lugs for building in, as 
required. 

SCHOOL & OFFICE WINDOWS TYPES R.S. & S.O. 

PAGES 97 

All windows in the above types are constructed in Reliance 
Universal Sections, series 400. 

Side and top hung Casements provided with solid Bronze 
Handle and Pegstay, Pin and Rest. 

Vertically pivoted Casements fitted with solid Bronze 
Handle and Sliding Stay. 

Horizontal Swing and bottom hung Casements provided 
with solid Bronze spring Catch for cord or pole operation. 

Side and top hung Casements are hung on solid Bronze 
butts. Horizontal and vertically pivoted Casements work 
on solid Bronze large diameter pivots. 

Coupling by the use of Reliance special mullions and 
transomes. 

HOSPITAL WINDOWS TYPE B.R. PAGE 106. 

All Windows in the above types are constructed in 
Reliance Sections, series 600. 

Casements are fitted with one pair of solid Bronze Handles 
for opening and lever pattern Handle and bridge for closing. 

Blind fittings and pulleys can be supplied if required at 
slight extra cost. 



108 













STANDARD 
TROPICAL 

CASEMENTS 



i 




After an exhaustive study 
Architectural and Building requirements 
in Tropical Countries, we have produced 
ranges 

STANDARD 
TROPICAL 
WIND O W 

which will meet nearly every requirement 
of these countries. 




Standardisation we have been able 



reduce 



cost, whilst retaining 



exclusive features 
made products. 



our purpose 



Standard Tropical Windows a 
Doors are provided with Steel outer 



Frames 



bl 



brick, concrete 



sing direct 
masonry walls. 



a.. 



STANDARD 

TROPICAL 

CASEMENTS 



III 



GLAZE INSIDE 
OPEN INWARDS 
TYPES & SIZES 



tor .to?." 



4'0" 



* *\*l 



4'0 



ALL THE i' 6f* AND 2' 8" HIGH TYPES 
OPEN INWARDS AS FALL BACKS. 



NTESF NTES 



rrn 

TESF TES 



NTEF 



NTE 



Z'-OK 



2'0%* 



MJESf MTES 



4'0" 



MTEF 



4'0" 



MTE 



HTASF NTAS 



HTAF 



NT A 



HTASF HTAS 



HTAF 



C\J 



TASF 



I r\7*'l 



2-0% 



ftj 



TAS 

2'0 7 / 6 " 



TAF 



4 XI '/ 



HTBSF NTBS 



TBSF TBS 



4'0 



NTB 



2'0% 



MTASF MTAS 

m r 1 



HTBSF HTBS 



MTBSF M TBS 



HTB 



ft ft 



il U 



MTB 



MTAF 



MTA 



s NOTE. 

ANY OF THE FALL BACK 
CASEMENTS CAN BE MADE 
TO OPEN AS HORIZONTAL 
SWINGS IF DESIRED AT A 
SMALL EXTRA COST. 



ANY SIDE HUNG CASEMENT 
CAN BE MADE TO OPEN 
AS VERTICAL SWING IF 
DESIRED AT A SMALL 
EXTRA COST. 



fJTCSF NTCS 



10 



TCSF 



NTC 



\ 



HTCSF HTCS 



HTC 



MTCSF MTCS 



MTC 



ALL WINDOWS ARE MADE 
TO OPEN INWARDS AND 
GLAZE INSIDE, BUT CAN BE 
MADE TO OPEN OUT AND 
GLAZE OUT IF DESIRED. 

FOR INWARD OPENING 
TYPES AFFIX LETTER "N" 

e.g. TBN. 

FOR OPEN OUTWARDS 
TYPES AFFJX LETTER "IT* 

e.g. TBU. 



MARGINAL PANES 
4* SIGHT. 



112 








p* 1 . - 1 

• § . . • 



9 * 






S/Z£S 




• _ *■ * 



v- '••'.: 






• b 



* • 






■ ■ 



• ■ 



■ • 



• ■ 



• • 



'. 











COUPLING TRANSOME 



FOR SH % CASEMENTS 



SECTION THROUGH JAMB 
OF SIDE HUNG CASEMENT 



COUPLING TRANSOME 
FOR SH°A CASEMENTS 



• » • 





7/ / v\^>3 



^ 



SECTION THROUGH MEETING OF CASEMENTS 

NOTE. 
WOOD BEADS ARE NOT BY W, & W. LTD, 




•i 



/ 






•0 • 




«0 




. .-.«p. 






SECTION THRO' JAMB 
OF FALL BACH 



"3 



GLAZE OUT 
OPEN INWARDS 
TYPES &. SIZES 




114 





"5 






SECTION THRO JAMBS OF 

SIDE HUNG CASEMENT 

GLAZE OUT, OPEN JN 



OUTSIDE 




SECTION THRO' 
ASTRAGAL 



DETAIL AT 

FOLDING OF 

SIDE HUNG CASEMENTS 




n6 



• _ . - * 



meet the requirements of a number 
of our friends we have produced a range 
of Tropical Casements to suit the standard 
glass size of 12" x 10". These are similar 
in elevation and construction to types J, 

L, shown on page 114. 



ALTERNATIVE 
GLAZE OUT, OPEN 
INWARD TYPES 



these 



given below. 



STANDARD TROPICAL CASEMENTS 

GLAZE OUT, OPEN INWARDS 

TYPE S.P. 



Type 


Elevation 

& Opening 

as Type 


Height 


Width 


Type 


Elevation 

& Opening 

as Type 


Height 


Width 


SP1F 


Ll 


ft. 
2 


ins. 

3f 


ft, ins. 

1 nf 


SP5 


Ji 


ft. 

3 


ins. 

3& 


ft. ins. 

1 nf 


SP27 


L7 


2 


3i 


3 9i 


SP6 


J7 


3 


3& 


3 9* 


SP9F 


L2 


2 


3f 


1 1^ 


SP17 


J2 


3 


3& 


1 ItV 


SP3 


LSI 


2 


3l 


1 iif 


SP7 


Kl 


4 


4 


1 iif 


SP4 


LS7 


2 


31 


3 9i 


SP8 


K7 


4 


4 


3 9i 


SP13 


LS2 


2 


31 


1 1 iV 


SP21 


K2 


4 


4 


1 1* 



117 



STANDARD 

TROPICAL 

DOORS 



The 

STANDARD 

TROPICAL 

FRENCH DOORS 

shown on the following pages are similar 



manufacture 



our standard French 



Doors, but are made to glaze inside with 
hard wood Beads and to open outward. 



They can also be made to glaze outside 
and open inward if required. 



In Tropical Countries Doors are usually 



provided with 



screens 



shutters, 



details of which are shown on page 122. 



Details of all Steel Doors for Chawls, 
Store Rooms, Coolies quarters, etc., arc 
shown on page III, with overall sizes and 
types on page 119. These are inexpen- 
sive Doors which will withstand rough 
usage and yet remain proof against fire 

white ant. 



i<8 



TROPICAL 
DOORS 
TYPES & SIZES 




no 





120 




Alternative 

% Thick Ply Panel Armoured 
both sides with Calv Shcet Steel 



/04- 



IC SW6 

HEtTSTUL 
PANEL 



<0 



/04- 



I 



SPECIFICATION. 

SIDK Ml ... OPEM - 1 

IHH)U ul special / .,, 

filled with ir> flaag. %h 
•teel pan. I ami h.iMQg 
"fie horizontal ttihVmng 

bar of i'x t' reft 

r 1 I 1 I N ( i S . Hang on \ 

Sf>eC U ! | IIMlJ tt rr ) 

I. I h lo operate fo both 

■kkl Wttl) werlgtf> Ami chain 

, "« ring from thr in 

»id«\ < at* i,n the mit*nlr 
for paill«N k. ■ Radio* k r 

•applied b) W, ft W.I td 

Door t\ pe \ : pi, ,J 

With MM 6* barrel U.lt on 
thr m ,m|c. 



<04 



L 



-* . 



/o# 



/ 






V 



SECTION THRO' 
HINGE .SIDE 



m 






CRANHCO fitXIN 
LUG 3" LONG 



SIZES 



121 





STANDARD TYPE 
T.D.N. DOOR WITH 
FLY-SCREEN AND 
WOOD SHUTTERS. 



mmmmm 

v .':•: :-:•: ::':v:-;-;-.'/a*. v. v- 









W.v. *;-. 









.*•*%•.+ 



•%VAK 



£&** 



*&& 







■ ■ ■■ _ « > 



Inside Elevation. 



SPECIFICATION. 

STANDARD TYPE T.D.N. DOOR, having a frame permanently fixed on the outside fact of door. 
Supplementary hinged frames are attached to this and open in through the door. These hinged 
frames have a lower pane! of 16 gauge sheet steel, and upper portion filled with 16 mesh galvan- 
ized wire gauze (copper gauze can be supplied at a slightly increased charge) having one horizon t a 
stiffener of t * x 1 \' Tee. 

THE SHUTTER FRAMES (attached to the door by means of steel straps) open out and fold back 
against outer face of wall, and have one horizontal stiflener of 1* x 1$' Tee. The frames are 
prepared to receive Wood Shutters supplied locallv. 






• ■ '. ■,•-"»■ 







•«?i 



o 



-♦ 



_r • 









Steel Shutter Frame 



b'iq*h.x4-o"w. 



ESPAGNIOLETTE 

Bolt to Shutters 



mosquito 
Gauze 




Ball Catch 






Tropical Standard 

Door 




— ^ 



WMO Shutters 
Supplied Locally 









• »-*• 



• •»*•- • • • • ■ ••••* 

Actual Glass 
S/zes 8 Pieces 

99bH.x9%sW. 



. , 



» * 



r-3 



tt 



•+* 



-10 



ft 



t § 3*—\ 



HEAD 



Outside Elevation 



SPECIFICATION. 

HORIZONTALLY CENTRE HUNG 
CASEMENT of \* x J* Tee section, 
divided into panes by J* equal Tee 
astragals. 

Prepared for Glazing from the 
inside with wood beads. (Beads not 
supplied by W. & W. Ltd). 




: . • fc . j^4 

•v. • ■ » • .- 



• .1 



SECTION ABOVE 

Centre [^ 





INSIDE 



• 4 



St- w J -, 





fc • • ' •• ' - 

l\ • . • * - ••••• 



CVJ 



» i 



- ■ 



• * 



• • 



- 3' 6 



7f£ F/X//V6 if/65 ^"i5W 







• • 




• • 



* 



• 



• « 




Section below 
Cen tre 



Wood Be a ds not 

by WaW.LT? 



* mJ% 





Plaster 

Rendering 



■ • > « * 

• ■ 









OUTSIDE 



■ ■:•-":■ S 



3' 5" 






' -'3 









"I 








i?5 







GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR RELIANCE 
TROPICAL WINDOWS & DOORS IN 400 SERIES 



Standard Reliance Tropical Casements are 
constructed of Rolled Mild Steel Sections of first 
quality. All Bars are 
scaled and cleaned, free from rust, hammer marks 
and rolling flaws. 

Cross joints of glazing bars are locked to strengthen 



le points 



intersection. Corners are machine 



mitred and electrically welded. 

All Bottom hung ("N") are fitted with Spring 
Catch for opening by long arm, and with concealed 



e arms. 



Top hung Casements ("U") fitted with peg stay. 

Single Side hung Casements ("U") and ("N") fitted 
with handle and pair of hinges. Open out types fitted 
with stay, open in types fitted with cabin hook eye.* 

Folding side hung Casements ("U") and ( 4t N") 
fitted with espagniolettc bolt and hinges, open out 
("U") have a stay on each leaf, open in ("N") have 
cabin hook eyes.* 

Single and Double Doors fitted with hinges and 
lock with lever handles on last closing leaf. One leaf 
fitted with z barrel bolts. If bolts arc required on both 
leaves of the Double Doors they must be specified. 



SPECIFICATION 
FOR GLAZE OUT, OPJ < IN TYPES (Page 114) 

These arc fitted with pressed steel hinges 
bronze pins, malleable iron handle to single si 
hung casements, espagniolettc bolts to folding si 
hung casements, also cabin hook eye.* 

Bottom hung Casements fitted with spring catch 
and side arms. 



•Cabin hooks tent loo»c 



136 







ESTIMATING 

& ORDERING 
DETAILS 



DETAILS REQUIRED WHEN ORDERING AND 
ENQUIRING FOR ALL TYPES OF RELIANCE 

STANDARD STEEL WINDOWS. 



Please state; 



i. Type letter and number. 

2. Quantity of each type required. 

3. Type of Ventilator required, stating which hand, 

(The hand of a Casement is the side on which the hinges 
are fixed looking from the inside, i.e., a right hand side 
hung casement has the hinges on the right hand side.) 

4. Whether projecting (easy cleaning) hinges are required 
to sidehung casements. Addition of the letter "X" to 
the type letters denotes this. 

5. Whether glazing Bars, lead glazing or large panes 
are required. See note on page 10. 

6. Type of Fittings. Iron or Bronze, 

7. In the case of Standard Cottage whether ordinary (100/ 
100) or wide Frame (111/100) section is required. 

8. In the case of Standard Tropical Casements TA, TB, TC 
TD, TE types, state whether inside or outside glazing and 
opening is required. Glaze in, open in, is standard. 

9. Whether Wood Surrounds are required and size (out of 
3 1/2-in. x 2 1/2-in. or 4-in. x 3-in,). 

10. When Windows in Wood Surrounds are required, whether 
Mullions and Transomes are to be steel or wood. 

When Bays in Wood Surrounds are required, whether 
Wood or all Steel Corner Posts, Mullions and Transomes 
are required. 

12. To whom the goods are to be invoiced. 



11. 



Also please:- 



instructions 



address where delivery is to be made, and date delivery 
is required. 

2, Indicate the materials from which the openings are formed 
so that appropriate fixing lugs or screws may be sent. 

3 . Order the Windows as soon as the General Contract is 
signed. 



127 




GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR FIXING ALL 
TYPES OF RELIANCE METAL WINDOWS. 



Typical Fixing details arc given in each section of 
this Catalogue, but attention to the following points 
in conjunction with the appropriate details will ensure 
the Windows being properly fixed. 

The fixing of Metal Windows should be left until 
the rougher trades have left the site, and the 
openings are ready for glazing. Where this is not 
feasible, care must be taken to see that the Windows 
are not damaged by placing scaffold boards on the 
Cills, or drawing heavy objects through them, 
is also advisable to detach and store all fittings 
until the building is finished. 

Do not attempt to force a window into an opening 
which is too small to receive it, if necessary cut 
away the surrounding work until the Mct.il 
Window goes easily into position. 

In stone, brick, artificial stone or concrete openings 
mark off the position of the fixing holes, and having 
cut the holes insert elm plugs, or steel lugs. 

Fill the channel of the frame with mastic before 
inserting in the opening. 

Screw Metal \\ mdow to the plugs (or wooden 
frame). Great care must be taken not to distort it 
by driving the screws in too tightly. Trim off the 
mastic and point firmly the outside and inside 
joints. 



pointing 



Cement 



i part of Red Lead. 4 parts of Ci round Lime. 
5 parts of Sharp Sand and Brick Dust. 

Sufficient boiled Linseed Oil to make the mixture 
workable. 






INSTRUCTIONS FOR GLAZING AND POINTING 
RELIANCE STANDARD STEEL WINDOWS 



The correct glazing of Metal Windows is of as much 
importance as correct fixing. To ensure this : 



that the Window is correctly fixed an 
opens and closes perfectly. 

Cut the Glass at least 1/8" smaller in height and 
width than the tight rebate size of the Casement. 

Bed the Glass in putty in the usual way, keeping 
the front putty as narrow as possible, to obtain a 
neat and workmanlike finish. 

Insert the putty knife between the edge of the 



Glass 



frame 



bottom 



Casement on the hinge side, leaving the Glass 
slightly out of square. Insert small hardwood 
or lead wedge. 
This applies to large paned Windows only. 

Open the Casement carefully and wedge up the 
moving frame at the bottom corner of the handle 
side. This will permit a second small wedge to be 
inserted between the Glass and the frame at the 
top of the handle side. Both wedges should be 
just sufficiently large to ensure a tight fit and 
should be left permanently in position. 
This applies to large paned Casements only. 

Glazing should now be completed by fixing the 
glass with pins or clips and finishing off the front 
putty. Where possible the putty should be left 
14 days before painting. 

The putty should be best linseed oil putty to 
which has been added, immediately before use, a 
small proportion of red lead and sufficient gold 
size (about { pint to each 28 lbs.) to give as stiff 
a compound as may just comfortably be worked. 




129 



M 




VERY 
IMPORTANT 



Metal windows should 



never 



employed 
structural members, 
no weight must 
on them unless they are 
definitely designed 
take it. Ample clearance 
should be allowed at the 
head, thus avoiding 
undue load being applied 
through settlement. 



130 




•. *